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Quality of Life and Psychological Well-being in Patients With Malignant Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:19:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to analyse the physical and psychological side-effects in the course of treatment with IFN-alpha. The effectiveness of a specific intervention for the management of these side-effects is evaluated.

Description

Today, the consideration of the side effects of intensive treatment measures and their influence on quality of life are regarded as standard procedures in oncology. Quality of life measurements have found their way into clinical studies as patient-reported outcomes. In comparison to other tumor types, the field of dermato-oncology has had less research activity concerning quality of life. However, in recent years more attention has been paid to health related quality of life in malignant melanoma patients, especially under adjuvant treatment with interferon-alpha. Data about high dose IFN-α treatment, especially from the USA, show that there are significant physical and psychological side effects, such as fatigue and depression, which often lead to dosage reduction or termination of treatment. As yet, there are very few systematic studies about low dose IFN-α treatment, especially in regard to the side effects during the course of the disease.

Concerning treatment side-effects it is known throughout various areas of oncology that specific psycho-oncological interventions assist in the patients' adaptation to the illness and handling of the side effects of therapy.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Malignant Melanoma

Intervention

psycho-oncological intervention

Location

University Medical Center Freiburg, Department of Dermatology
Freiburg
Germany
79104

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital Freiburg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)

Tumors of the iris characterized by increased pigmentation of melanocytes. Iris nevi are composed of proliferated melanocytes and are associated with neurofibromatosis and malignant melanoma of the choroid and ciliary body. Malignant melanoma of the iris often originates from preexisting nevi.

A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.

Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.

Clinically atypical nevi (usually exceeding 5 mm in diameter and having variable pigmentation and ill defined borders) with an increased risk for development of non-familial cutaneous malignant melanoma. Biopsies show melanocytic dysplasia. Nevi are clinically and histologically identical to the precursor lesions for melanoma in the B-K mole syndrome. (Stedman, 25th ed)

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