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In which stage of an EBV-infection is a selective reduction of immunosuppressive medication reasonable to minimize the risk for PTLD, without putting the transplant recipient at risk of acute rejection episodes due to under immunosuppression?
Aim of study:
Identification of patients at high-risk for PTLD.
PTLD represents a heterogeneous group of abnormal lymphoid proliferations, generally of B-cells, that occur in the setting of ineffective T-cell function because of pharmacological immunosuppression. Because the vast majority of PTLDs are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, surveillance of EBV infection may have the potential to prevent the development of PTLD by early intervention. However, the cut-off values of "high" EBV viral load remain badly defined due to a lack of prospective studies and assay standardization. The aim of this ongoing multicenter prospective study is the serial detection of primary EBV infection or reactivation in a homogeneous patient population of pediatric renal transplant recipients during the first 2 years posttransplant by the combined analysis of quantitative EBV viral load by a standardized quantitative PCR technique, EBV serology and EBV-specific T-lymphocytes for the identification of high-risk patients.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Active, not recruiting
Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendmedizin
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:34-0400
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Infection with human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN); which may facilitate the development of various lymphoproliferative disorders. These include BURKITT LYMPHOMA (African type), INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS, and oral hairy leukoplakia (LEUKOPLAKIA, HAIRY).
A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
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A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting B-cells in humans and new world primates. The type species human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) is better known as the Epstein-Barr virus.
An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
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