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The investigators' long-term objective is to research and develop innovative new tests which diagnostic laboratories can use to 1) detect methylated DNA targets, 2) tumor specific antigens, and 3) markers of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) treatment in patient urine samples. The investigators plan to detect methylated DNA targets and control targets by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (msPCR) on DNA isolated from urine samples from bladder cancer positive and negative patients to determine its sensitivity and specificity in detecting bladder cancer. The investigators plan to use patient sera as a tool to detect tumor specific antigens expressed by bladder cancer cell lines. Once a bladder tumor specific protein is identified, the investigators will assess its presence in the urine of bladder cancer patients and absence in healthy patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The investigators plan to use both in vitro models and patient clinical samples to elucidate the role of bladder epithelial cells in mediating BCG immunotherapy and identify biomarkers of treatment effectiveness. Once a biomarker is identified, the investigators will assess its presence in the urine of bladder cancer and absence in healthy patients.
Once the investigators determine the feasibility of these tests, the investigators will further perform an extensive clinical study, comparing the tests to existing diagnostic methods. This study will provide the foundation for FDA approval, which is required for tests to become widely accepted tools for clinicians to use in bladder cancer diagnosis. The investigators' tests will improve early detection of bladder cancer, thereby improving patient health and decrease cancer deaths, a key mission of the National Institutes of Health.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Wolfson Medical Center
Wolfson Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:56-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
A HERNIA-like condition in which the weakened pelvic muscles cause the URINARY BLADDER to drop from its normal position. Fallen urinary bladder is more common in females with the bladder dropping into the VAGINA and less common in males with the bladder dropping into the SCROTUM.
Involuntary discharge of URINE as a result of physical activities that increase abdominal pressure on the URINARY BLADDER without detrusor contraction or overdistended bladder. The subtypes are classified by the degree of leakage, descent and opening of the bladder neck and URETHRA without bladder contraction, and sphincter deficiency.
An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.
Blocked urine flow through the bladder neck, the narrow internal urethral opening at the base of the URINARY BLADDER. Narrowing or strictures of the URETHRA can be congenital or acquired. It is often observed in males with enlarged PROSTATE glands.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...