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Safety/Efficacy Study of Optimizing Ibuprofen Dosing to Achieve Higher PDA Closure Rates

2014-08-27 03:19:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if increasing the ibuprofen dose will increase the likelihood of closing the patent ductus arteriosus in premature babies.

Description

Failure to close the PDA in premature neonates in a timely fashion can lead to pulmonary over-circulation and systemic under-circulation. The PDA often fails to close using currently approved Ibuprofen dosing regimens, and surgical closure becomes necessary. Ibuprofen clearance in premature neonates is significantly correlated with postnatal age, increasing rapidly over time. Hirt et al. published and optimized dosing scheme for preterm neonates based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data. We aim to use this dosing regimen in the clinical setting to determine if increased rates of pharmacologic PDA closure can be achieved.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Intervention

optimized ibuprofen, Standard Ibuprofen

Location

Children's Hospital of Illinois at OSF Saint Francis Medical Center
Peoria
Illinois
United States
61637

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

OSF Saint Francis Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:56-0400

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PubMed Articles [6300 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of Placebo, Indomethacin, Ibuprofen, and Acetaminophen With Closure of Hemodynamically Significant Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

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In a Resource-Limited Setting, Is Oral Ibuprofen Effective for Closure of a Patent Ductus Arteriosus in a Preterm Neonate?

Oral paracetamol versus oral ibuprofen for closure of haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates (<32 weeks): a blinded, randomised, active-controlled, non-inferiority trial.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.

A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic properties used in the therapy of rheumatism and arthritis.

An IBUPROFEN-type anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. It is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

An IBUPROFEN-type anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. It inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and has been proposed as an anti-arthritic.

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