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Evaluation of a School-based Influenza Vaccination Program

2014-08-27 03:19:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether inactivated influenza vaccines are effective to protect school children and their households from getting influenza infection and further prevent student's absenteeism.

Description

School children were found to be the possible spreaders of the influenza. The successful prevention measure on school children was crucial for controlling the epidemic. In Taiwan, the national influenza immunization program on the grade 1-2 students started in winter, 2007. In this intervention study, the two study townships with 27 schools were included as our study population. The three time questionnaires were issued for collecting the health status of the children during the influenza season. The information on the vaccines' safety was also collected after the vaccination. The community collaborative clinics were responsible for taking the specimens.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Influenza

Intervention

Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine

Location

Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan
Taipei City
Taiwan
100

Status

Completed

Source

Centers for Disease Control, Taiwan

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:19:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed or attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.

Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.

Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.

Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.

A genus of the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE comprising viruses similar to types A and B but less common, more stable, more homogeneous, and lacking the neuraminidase protein. They have not been associated with epidemics but may cause mild influenza. Influenza C virus is the type species.

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