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Use of Music and Voice Stimulus on Coma Patients

2014-07-23 21:13:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Objectives: (1) To check music and voice message influence on vital signs and facial expressions of patients in physiological or induced comas; (2) To connect the existence of patient's responsiveness with the Glasgow Coma Scale or with the Ramsay Sedation Scale.

Method: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial with 30 patients, from two Intensive Care Units, being divided in 2 groups (control and experimental). Their relatives recorded a voice message and chose a song according to the patient's preference. The patients were submitted to 3 sessions for 3 consecutive days.

Description

The relatives elaborated a voice recorded message and choose a music according to the patient preference, which were recorded in the same Compact Disc. Two identical CD's were made at the same recorded time; one with and another one without stimulus in order to make the random division of the groups. The patients were evaluated according to one of the Scales; they used earphones. During the sessions, the data relating to the vital signs and the face expression were recorded in a data collection instrument.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Coma

Intervention

Music and message

Location

HCFMUSP - Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo
São Paulo
SP
Brazil
05403-000

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:37-0400

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Severe HYPOGLYCEMIA induced by a large dose of exogenous INSULIN resulting in a COMA or profound state of unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused.

A serious complication of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. It is characterized by extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA; DEHYDRATION; serum hyperosmolarity; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA in the absence of KETOSIS and ACIDOSIS.

A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.

Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.

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