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RATIONALE: Studying samples of urine from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment.
PURPOSE: This research study is looking at urine samples from women with newly diagnosed breast cancer.
- To learn the effects of selected agents (tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors) on the profile of estrogen metabolites, glutathione conjugates, and depurinating DNA adducts in urine from women with breast cancer.
OUTLINE: Previously collected urine samples are analyzed for 40 estrogen metabolites, conjugates, and depurinating DNA adducts by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometric detection.
Patient information (e.g., race, body mass index, age at menarche, menopausal status, age at menopause if applicable, smoking history, alcohol consumption) is collected through medical record review.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
high performance liquid chromatography, laboratory biomarker analysis, mass spectrometry, medical chart review
UNMC Eppley Cancer Center at the University of Nebraska Medical Center
University of Nebraska
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:11:50-0400
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RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about nutrition-related changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers relat...
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Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
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