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Heart failure (HF) is a complex condition resulting from structural or functional heart diseases that impair the ability of the heart to fill with or pump out blood. The main manifestations of HF are shortness of breath and tiredness which may limit the ability to exercise or perform simple daily physical activities such as walking. Heart disease leading to HF is associated with reduced muscle mass and reduced strength and low blood levels of testosterone; a hormone normally produced by the human (male and female) body. Recent studies have shown improvements of symptoms and ability to exercise in patients with heart failure receiving testosterone.
This is a placebo controlled study to determine the efficacy and safety of low dose testosterone (300 and 450 microgram/day) delivered by a transdermal system (patch) in women with significant HF.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
placebo, 300 µg/day testosterone, 450 µg/day testosterone
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:40-0400
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To summarize the research evidence on promotion of testosterone for 'Low T', or age-related hypogonadism.
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Steroidal compounds related to TESTOSTERONE, the major mammalian male sex hormone. Testosterone congeners include important testosterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with androgenic activities.
A potent androgenic metabolite of TESTOSTERONE. Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is generated by a 5-alpha reduction of testosterone. Unlike testosterone, DHT cannot be aromatized to ESTRADIOL therefore DHT is considered a pure androgenic steroid.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
An ester of TESTOSTERONE with a propionate substitution at the 17-beta position.
The 17-alpha isomer of TESTOSTERONE, derived from PREGNENOLONE via the delta5-steroid pathway, and via 5-androstene-3-beta,17-alpha-diol. Epitestosterone acts as an antiandrogen in various target tissues. The ratio between testosterone/epitestosterone is used to monitor anabolic drug abuse.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...