Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
However, there are lots of potential complications that hinder the long-term success of HSCT, in which bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is one of such serious complications. Basically, BOS represents a form of graft-versus-host immunological damage of small airways (bronchioles), leading to progressive narrowing of small airways and thus obstructive lung function abnormalities. With progressive loss of lung function in BOS, patients after HSCT can be complicated by intractable respiratory failure that results in mortality. Up until now, there is still no reliable way to accurately predict or detect BOS early to allow pharmacological interventions.
Therefore there is intense interest in the search for biomarkers that can help to predict the occurrence of BOS after HSCT. Apart from biomarkers (e.g., cytokines) in blood, there has been recent development in the sampling of airway lining fluid by a non-invasive method, i.e., collection of exhaled breath condensate (EBC). In airway diseases such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, EBC has been found to have various cytokines which can serve as potential biomarkers of disease activity. Since BOS is largely a small airway disease, it becomes logical to investigate the profile of biomarkers in EBC as predictors for BOS after HSCT.
Therefore this study has been designed to look into the role of biomarkers in blood and EBC in early detection of BOS after HSCT.
Haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has revolutionized the treatment of both haematological and perhaps some solid malignancies. However, despite recent technological advancements, HSCT is still associated with significant mortality and morbidities.
Apart from various infective complications in early stage post-HSCT, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) has been a well-known late complication that can result in high mortality. It has been mostly associated with those who develop chronic graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic HSCT. Clinically, the diagnosis of BOS is largely based on demonstration of obstructive lung function abnormalities and air-trapping in computed tomography scan of thorax. Pathologically, bronchiolitis obliterans is characterized by both inflammatory and fibrotic reactions in the small bronchioles leading to subsequent obliteration. Upon diagnosis of BOS post-HSCT, inhaled corticosteroid (with or without bronchodilators) is commonly prescribed as anti-inflammatory agent, though with undocumented clinical efficacy. Unfortunately, there is still a lack of reliable biomarkers that can predict or allow early detection of BOS, preferably in the early and potentially reversible stage of development of BOS.
Apart from measuring circulating biomarkers in blood, exhaled breath condensate (EBC) has recently emerged as a non-invasive sampling method for real-time analysis and evaluation of oxidative stress biomarkers in the lower respiratory tract airways, especially in various lung diseases including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer. As bronchiolitis obliterans is predominantly a disease of the small bronchioles, it is highly likely to be associated with changes in various inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in EBC. However, the role of measuring EBC biomarkers in predicting the occurrence of BOS after HSCT has not been studied. Therefore, the current study aims to evaluate the temporal changes of various oxidative stress biomarkers and cytokines in EBC and blood in patients with haematological conditions who undergo allogeneic HSCT, with regard to the subsequent development of BOS.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Queen Mary Hospital
The University of Hong Kong
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:20:09-0400
The trial will evaluate the effects of aerobic exercise in patients undergoing chemotherapy for the treatment of a hematological neoplastic disease.
Each year, 17000 cases of severe hematological diseases are diagnosed in France, with more than 6,000 of these requiring hospitalization in a protective, sterile environment. New methods,...
The investigators have previously shown the absence of toxicity of Treg-depleted-DLI and the possibility to triggering alloreactivity (GVHD/GVT) in relapsing patients dealing with hematolo...
The overall objective of this study is to assess the clinical value of the SeptiFast Test as an adjunct to traditional microbiological, clinical, and other laboratory assessments in early ...
The purpose of this trial is to determine safety and efficacy of 16 weeks treatment with thymosin alpha 1 given at 1.6 mg dose once daily by subcutaneous injection in adult patients with h...
To compare hematological parameters between deletional and nondeletional HbH diseases, and to investigate the correlation between HbH levels and hematological parameters within these 2 groups.
This case report describes a diagnostic chain in a patient with atypical bilateral corneal opacity, which led to the diagnosis of a hematological disorder. The patient's medical history, clinical ap...
Autophagy is involved in many cellular processes, including cell homeostasis, cell death/survival balance and differentiation. Autophagy is essential for hematopoietic stem cell survival, quiescence, ...
Bones provide both skeletal scaffolding and space for hematopoiesis in its marrow. Previous work has shown that these functions were tightly regulated by the nervous system. The central and peripheral...
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients, however the risk of VTE differs according to cancer type. Hematological cancers have varying phenotype...
Use of HIRUDINS as an anticoagulant in the treatment of cardiological and hematological disorders.
A tetracyclic compound with antidepressant effects. It may cause drowsiness and hematological problems. Its mechanism of therapeutic action is not well understood, although it apparently blocks alpha-adrenergic, histamine H1, and some types of serotonin receptors.
Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.
Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)
Impairment of the ability to coordinate the movements required for normal ambulation (WALKING) which may result from impairments of motor function or sensory feedback. This condition may be associated with BRAIN DISEASES (including CEREBELLAR DISEASES and BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES); SPINAL CORD DISEASES; or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...