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Educational Intervention in Heart Failure Patients

2014-08-27 03:20:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The main aim of this randomized study was to evaluate the effect of educational intervention on patients with heart failure and their care-giver with regard to patients' prognosis.

Description

Part I: This is a multicenter study on the effect of educational intervention on heart failure patients and their caregivers with respect to patients' prognosis, social support and quality of life. Subsequent patients with heart failure (based on the inclusion criteria) coming to selected, ambulatory physician, were randomized to either a control or intervention group. Both groups underwent questionnaire evaluation regarding clinical assessment and evaluation of familiarity with aspects of heart failure along with social support and quality of life. Clinical assessment included information on demography, social status, medical history, pharmacotherapy, diagnostic procedures, and utilization of health system resources. After recruitment, patients from intervention group and their caregivers underwent one educational training, during which they received materials on the management of heart failure. Before the meeting, data on familiarity with heart failure were acquired from patients' relatives. During further follow up all participants stayed under regular care from their ambulatory physicians. After 6 months patients underwent short term evaluation based on designated questionnaires, with special attention paid to hospitalization and ambulatory visits due to heart failure. Also data on heart failure knowledge, social support and quality of life was collected. Without any further intervention, follow up was continued. Next long term assessment was undertaken after approximately 3 years from the recruitment. As previously patients fulfilled questionnaires regarding information on their familiarity with heart failure management and social support as well as quality of life. Primary end points of the study were: death, hospitalization (including cardiovascular hospitalizations) and ambulatory visits. Secondary end points included social support and quality of life.

Sub-study: genetic polymorphism - blood specimens collected during one of the visits and stored for further evaluation in future. Study population - all main study participants who gave their informed consent to this part of protocol. Aims: to describe the potential of selected genes candidates polymorphism on the heart failure prognosis and survival in patients NYHA class II-IV.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

Educational training regarding heart failure

Location

Heart Failure and Transplantology Department Institute of Cardiology
Warsaw
Alpejska 42
Poland
04-628

Status

Completed

Source

Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:20:15-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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