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Therapeutic Efficacy Study of Pyrimethamine/Sulfdoxine (Fansidar®) for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria in the Peruvian Amazon

2014-07-23 21:13:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of pyrimethamine/sulfdoxine (Fansidar®) for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in the Peruvian Amazon. Reports in the mid 1990s indicated that Fansidar was failing to cure patients with confirmed falciparum malaria. The study design was based on accepted WHO parasitological and clinical outcomes to determine the overall efficacy of Fansider and inform the Peruvian National Malaria Control authorities as to the continued wisdom of recommending Fansidar as first line treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in the Peruvian Amazon.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Malaria, Vivax

Intervention

Pyrimethamine/sulfdoxine (Fansidar)

Location

Naval Medical Research Center Detachment
Lima
Peru

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.

An aminoquinoline that is given by mouth to produce a radical cure and prevent relapse of vivax and ovale malarias following treatment with a blood schizontocide. It has also been used to prevent transmission of falciparum malaria by those returning to areas where there is a potential for re-introduction of malaria. Adverse effects include anemias and GI disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopeia, 30th ed, p404)

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

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