Laparoscopic Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse

2014-07-23 21:13:50 | BioPortfolio


The aim of the present prospective, double-blind, randomized study is to study whether laparoscopic anterior mesh rectopexy is as good as laparoscopic posterior rectopexy with respect to obstructive defecation afterwards.


Full-thickness rectal prolapse is defined as a "falling down" of the rectum so that it is outside the body. Rectal prolapse can only be treated by surgery.

The choice of procedure depends on the patient's general condition and is based on a clinical judgment. Usually, elderly, high-risk patients are treated by perineal procedures. All other patients are offered an abdominal rectopexy using open or laparoscopic techniques. The general principle for all abdominal procedures is to induce adhesions between the mobilised, elevated rectum and the presacral fascia.

At least 30%-60% develop long-term complications: Obstructive defecation, which may be related to peroperative trauma to rectums innervation. Sparing of the lateral stalks during the rectal mobilisation results in lower frequency of obstructive defecation afterwards, but also higher recurrence rate.

A nerve-sparing laparoscopic technique for rectal prolapse has been developed in Belgium: Laparoscopic anterior mesh rectopexy.

After this procedure, the rate of obstructed defecations afterwards has been reported to less than 10%, that is, much lower than observed after other procedures.

The functional results after this nerve-sparing laparoscopic technique should be compared to those after laparoscopic posterior rectopexy, i.e. the conventional laparoscopic method.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Rectal Prolapse


Laparoscopic posterior rectopexy, Laparoscopic anterior mesh rectopexy


Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Surgery P
Aarhus C




Aarhus University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:13:50-0400

Clinical Trials [1838 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy Versus Delorme's Operation in Management of Complete Rectal Prolapse

A comparative randomized study between laparoscopic ventral mesh Rectopexy and Delorme's procedure in treatment of complete rectal prolapse to ass both efficacy and complications

Intra-operative Adverse Events During Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy

Outcomes of laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy are well known, but data on intra-operative adverse events is scant. A multicenter pool-analysis of prospectively collected database on 1384...

Pexy Versus Non-pexy for Full Thickness Rectal Prolapse

No randomized controlled trial (RCT) has compared no rectopexy to rectopexy for external full‐thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP). This study was performed to test the hypothesis that recur...

Laparoscopic Anterior Resection With or Without "Dog Ear" Double-stapled Anastomosis for Rectal Cancer

The study evaluates the feasibility and advantage of modified laparoscopic double-staple anastomosis technique which to eliminate the 'dog ears' in laparoscopic rectal anterior resection.

Laparoscopic Intraperitoneal Mesh Repair of Ventral Hernia: Comparison to Conventional Mesh Repair

The laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias is still a controversial therapeutic option. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic repair we compare the results of the open and la...

PubMed Articles [3931 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Laparoscopic Ventral Rectopexy Versus Laparoscopic Wells Rectopexy for Complete Rectal Prolapse: Long-Term Results.

There is no agreement about which laparoscopic rectopexy technique is best for treating complete rectal prolapse. Purpose was to compare functional outcome, the recurrence rate, and quality of life in...

Pregnancy after Laparoscopic Ventral Mesh Rectopexy: Implications and Outcomes.

Surgical management of rectal prolapse varies considerably. Most surgeons are reluctant to use ventral mesh rectopexy in young women until they have completed their family. The aim of the present stud...

Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy for rectal prolapse and rectal intussusception using a biological mesh.

Laparoscopic ventral rectopexy (LVR) is a nerve sparing technique for the treatment of rectal prolapse. Concerns about the use of synthetic meshes in the pelvis and the associated risk of erosion have...

Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy after hysteropexy - a video vignette.

Laparoscopic hysteropexy has a good success rate in terms of anatomical correction without recourse to hysterectomy (1) and uterine prolapse and disorders of the posterior pelvic compartment often coe...

Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy - video vignette.

Rectal prolapse is a distal displacement of rectum through the pelvic diaphragm like a sliding hernia [1]. The surgical treatments described in the literature primarily focus on reducing the prolapse ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Excision of the gallbladder through an abdominal incision using a laparoscope.

Placement of one of the surgeon's gloved hands into the ABDOMINAL CAVITY to perform manual manipulations that facilitate the laparoscopic procedures.

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.

A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.

More From BioPortfolio on "Laparoscopic Rectopexy for Rectal Prolapse"

Quick Search