Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other types of radiation to kill tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy and radiation therapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. It is not yet known whether carboplatin and paclitaxel are more effective with or without cisplatin and radiation therapy in treating patients with endometrial cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying carboplatin and paclitaxel to see how well they work when given with or without cisplatin and radiation therapy in treating patients with stage III or stage IVA endometrial cancer.
- Compare the recurrence-free survival of patients with stage III or IVA endometrial carcinoma treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy comprising cisplatin and tumor volume-directed radiotherapy followed by carboplatin and paclitaxel vs carboplatin and paclitaxel alone.
- Compare the overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
- Compare the acute and late adverse effects of these regimens in these patients.
- Determine the impact of these regimens on patient-reported quality of life during and for up to 1 year after completion of study treatment.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV on days 1 and 29. Patients also undergo external-beam radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 5-6 weeks. Some patients may then undergo brachytherapy over 2-3 weeks. Beginning within 8 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients complete quality-of-life questionnaires at baseline and periodically during study using the FACT-G Physical and Functional Well-Being, FACT-Endometrial, FACT/GOG Neuropathy, and FACT-C (items C3 and C5).
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
carboplatin, cisplatin, paclitaxel
UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:20:40-0400
This randomized phase II trial studies how well cisplatin and fluorouracil work compared with carboplatin and paclitaxel in treating patients with anal cancer that cannot be removed by sur...
Experience with substituting carboplatin for cisplatin is limited in advanced and recurrent cervix cancer and there has been no counterpart to GOG 158, which documented therapeutic equival...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killin...
A Study of the Safety and Pharmacology Of PI3-Kinase Inhibitor GDC-0941 In Combination With Either Paclitaxel And Carboplatin (With or Without Bevacizumab) or Pemetrexed, Cisplatin, And Bevacizumab in Patients With Advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
This is an open-label, multicenter, Phase Ib dose-escalation study to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of oral (PO) GDC-0941 administered w ith one of three planned re...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Ra...
The carboplatin/paclitaxel doublet remains the chemotherapy backbone for the initial treatment of ovarian cancer. This two-drug regimen, with carboplatin dosed using the Calvert formula, yielded convi...
Response to Combination Chemotherapy With Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide/Platinum Versus Paclitaxel/Platinum for Patients With Metastatic, Recurrent, or Persistent Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix: A Retrospective Analysis.
Paclitaxel/ifosfamide/cisplatin triplet has shown a higher response rate than paclitaxel/cisplatin doublet, but the toxicity profile hindered the use of the triplet regimen. In this study, we adjusted...
In this brief report, we present our experience with 3-weekly paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy for patients with vulvar cancer. Two patients with locally advanced disease had an impressive response...
Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel), a microtubule inhibitor, has demonstrated clinical efficacy in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) either as monotherap...
Introduction Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent inhibitor of MEK1/2, thereby inhibiting phosphorylation of ERK2. We investigated the toxicity and the recommended phase II dose of the combi...
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.
The extension of endometrial tissue (ENDOMETRIUM) into the MYOMETRIUM. It usually occurs in women in their reproductive years and may result in a diffusely enlarged uterus with ectopic and benign endometrial glands and stroma.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...