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Estimation of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is the primary test used to assess patients with renal disease. Although serum creatinine based GFR and nuclear medicine based estimations are routinely used in clinical practice, GFR estimation by Inulin is the recommended gold standard. Inulin based estimation of GFR is cumbersome and time consuming.
A decrease in blood flow to the kidney (Renal Blood Flow (RBF)) is known to cause a decrease in GFR. RBF is typically determined using radioactive tracers, contrast MRI or a cumbersome para-aminohippuric acid (PAH) clearance method.
MRI based assessment of GFR and RBF have been suggested to provide reasonable accuracy. Most of these studies did not compare the GFR and RBF estimation directly to Inulin and PAH clearance which are ther gold standards . In this study we propose to estimate MRI based GFR estimation directly to Inulin and noncontrast MRI based derived RBF to PAH to assess if MRI is an accurate test of kidney function.
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Inulin and PAH clearance and MRI
University Health Network
University Health Network, Toronto
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:20:53-0400
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The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
A specialized barrier in the kidney, consisting of the fenestrated CAPILLARY ENDOTHELIUM; GLOMERULAR BASEMENT MEMBRANE; and glomerular epithelium (PODOCYTES). The barrier prevents the filtration of PLASMA PROTEINS.
A clinicopathological syndrome or diagnostic term for a type of glomerular injury that has multiple causes, primary or secondary. Clinical features include PROTEINURIA, reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE, and EDEMA. Kidney biopsy initially indicates focal segmental glomerular consolidation (hyalinosis) or scarring which can progress to globally sclerotic glomeruli leading to eventual KIDNEY FAILURE.
A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function.
Conditions in which the function of KIDNEYS deteriorates suddenly in a matter of days or even hours. It is characterized by the sudden drop in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE; (GMR). The most severe stage is when the GFR drops below 15 ml per min (ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE).
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Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...