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Lactic acid bacteria produce a mixture of higher menaquinones, including menaquinone-9 (MK-9) and menaquinone-10 (MK-10). Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) is normally present in chloroplasts in green vegetables. A new dairy product is developed containing both vitamin K1 and K2-vitamins. However, the extent to which the various forms of vitamin K are absorbed from such a mixture is not known. In this study the absorption profile of phylloquinone and menaquinones from this new dairy product containing several K-vitamins is investigated. This study describes a dietary intervention experiment for one single cocktail containing several K-vitamins as part of a dairy product.
Endpoint Classification: Bio-availability Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
vitamin K-rich dairy product
VitaK BV / University of Maastricht
Enrolling by invitation
Maastricht University Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:21:05-0400
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A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
A VITAMIN D that can be regarded as a reduction product of vitamin D2.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
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A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
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