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Applying Pharmacogenetic Algorithms to Individualize Dosing of Warfarin

2014-08-27 03:21:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether DNA analysis improves the efficiency of dosing and safety in patients who are being started on warfarin therapy.Warfarin, a blood thinner (anticoagulant) prescribed to 1-2 million patients in the US, is a leading cause of drug-related adverse events (e.g., severe bleeding), in large part due to dramatic (20-fold) differences between individuals in dose requirements. At least half of this variability now can be explained by 3 common genetic variants, age, body size, and sex; however, warfarin therapy continues to begin with the same dose in every patient with the correct individual dose determined by trial and error. This study proposes to determine genetic variations the same day from DNA simply obtained by swabbing the inside of the cheek and use this information to determine the proper dose regimen individually in each patient. The aim is to show that the investigators can achieve more rapid, efficient, and safe dosing in up to 500-1000 individuals who are initiating warfarin therapy for various clotting disorders across a large healthcare system in order to demonstrate improved dosing effectiveness, efficiency, and safety with genetic-based dosing, which could lead to a nationwide application resulting in as much as a $1 billion dollar annual benefit in healthcare outcomes.

Description

Study Objectives:

The specific objectives of CoumaGen-II to be tested are:

1. To apply routine pharmacogenetic (PG)-guided dosing of warfarin in clinical practice at IHC facilities in the Urban Central Region (i.e., IMC, LDS, AVH), and selected physician offices that are frequent initiators of warfarin) in a major new quality improvement and clinical research initiative.

2. To compare the percentage out-of-range (%OOR) INRs during the first month (and secondarily, 3 months) of warfarin therapy using PG-guided dosing with parallel or historical standard (STD), empiric dosed controls.

3. To compare a modified PG-guided dosing algorithm (mod-IWPC) with a previously generated and validated, multicenter PG-guided algorithm (IWPC).

Study Design:

Qualifying patients being initiated on warfarin therapy with a target INR of 1.5-2.5, 2-3, or 2.5-3.5 will be invited to participate and sign informed consent. Enrolled patients will receive DNA sampling by buccal swab, and samples will be processed and a PG-guided initial dose calculated with a goal of <6 hours (maximum, 24 hours). Dosing and dose adjustments will be managed through the UCR (IMC/LDSH) anticoagulation management service (AMS). Dose adjustments through day 8 will use a PG-modified algorithm, after which modification will revert to the standard IHC algorithm. AMS pharmacists and study coordinators will ascertain warfarin doses, INRs, dose changes, and adverse events, and record information on case report forms.

Study Duration:

Each patient will participate for approximately 3 months (90 days ± 10 days). The anticipated enrollment period is 24 months or until 1000 patients are enrolled. The length of the enrollment period is subject to revision as it is dependent on the availability of a robust patient pool.

Further study details on dosing algorithm and genotyping methodology may be provided by Intermountain Healthcare Inc.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Thromboembolism

Intervention

IWPC adapted genotype-guided dosing algorithm for warfarin, Modified IWPC genetic-guided warfarin dosing algorithm

Location

Intermountain Healthcare Hospitals and Clinics
Salt Lake City
Utah
United States
84107

Status

Recruiting

Source

Intermountain Health Care, Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:21:12-0400

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