Technological Innovations in Behavioral Treatments for Cigarette Smoking

2015-04-23 14:04:48 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-04-23T14:04:48-0400

Clinical Trials [1321 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Contingency Management for Smoking in Substance Abusers

The aim of this study is to determine whether contingent reinforcement for smoking abstinence, compared to noncontingent reinforcement, increases the effectiveness of brief counseling and ...

Initial Screening of Gemfibrozil as a Novel Treatment for Tobacco Addiction

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of gemfibrozil on nicotine reinforcement and cue-elicited craving. Other objectives of this study include screening for the ability o...

Targeted Pharmacological and Behavioral Treatments for Smoking in Schizophrenia Study 1

Schizophrenia is associated with high rates of cigarette smoking and associated morbidity and mortality. In this study, smokers with schizophrenia will complete a baseline session and then...

Contingent Incentives Plus Bupropion for Smoking in People With Schizophrenia

There is a high prevalence of smoking among people with schizophrenia, and there are few smoking treatment programs for these smokers. The aims of this study are to investigate the separat...

Effectiveness and Costs of Enhanced Cocaine Treatments

The study will evaluate the effectiveness, economic benefits, and costs of voucher reinforcement for cocaine and alcohol abstinence, additional counseling services, and their combination i...

PubMed Articles [5922 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Suboptimal Choice in Pigeons: Does the Predictive Value of the Conditioned Reinforcer Alone Determine Choice?

Prior research has found that pigeons are indifferent between an option that always provides a signal for reinforcement and an alternative that provides a signal for reinforcement only 50% of the time...

Latent structure of the CPT among treatment-seeking smokers with depression and its predictive validity on smoking abstinence.

Research has recently shown that nicotine reinforcement is better characterized by a bi-factorial latent structure: Persistence (insensitivity to cigarette pricing) and Amplitude (consumption at inexp...

Automatic reinforcement from operant wheel-running undermines temporal control by fixed-interval schedules of reinforcement.

The current study compared the development of response patterns for operant wheel-running and lever-pressing on fixed-interval schedules. Eleven female Long-Evans rats were exposed to fixed-interval (...

Mechanical Reinforcement Strategy of Calcium Phosphate Cements by Loading Polymers.

Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is well known for the excellent bioactivity and biocompatibility, however, CPC has been used only for the repair of non-load bearing bone defects due to its brittle natu...

Cues Associated with Alternative Reinforcement During Extinction Can Attenuate Resurgence of an Extinguished Instrumental Response.

In resurgence, a target behavior (R1) is acquired in an initial phase and extinguished in a second phase while an R2 behavior is reinforced. When R2 is extinguished, R1 behavior can return or resurge....

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The strengthening of a conditioned response.

Use of word stimulus to strengthen a response during learning.

The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.

A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.

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