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Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-04-23T14:04:48-0400
The aim of this study is to determine whether contingent reinforcement for smoking abstinence, compared to noncontingent reinforcement, increases the effectiveness of brief counseling and ...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of gemfibrozil on nicotine reinforcement and cue-elicited craving. Other objectives of this study include screening for the ability o...
Schizophrenia is associated with high rates of cigarette smoking and associated morbidity and mortality. In this study, smokers with schizophrenia will complete a baseline session and then...
There is a high prevalence of smoking among people with schizophrenia, and there are few smoking treatment programs for these smokers. The aims of this study are to investigate the separat...
The study will evaluate the effectiveness, economic benefits, and costs of voucher reinforcement for cocaine and alcohol abstinence, additional counseling services, and their combination i...
Reinforcement is the process by which selection against hybridization increases reproductive isolation between taxa. Much research has focused on demonstrating the existence of reinforcement, yet rela...
Prior research has found that pigeons are indifferent between an option that always provides a signal for reinforcement and an alternative that provides a signal for reinforcement only 50% of the time...
The current study compared the development of response patterns for operant wheel-running and lever-pressing on fixed-interval schedules. Eleven female Long-Evans rats were exposed to fixed-interval (...
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a common vertebrate animal model in biomedical research and is a promising species for studying how genes interact with environmental factors in determining behavior. The pr...
Calcium phosphate cement (CPC) is well known for the excellent bioactivity and biocompatibility, however, CPC has been used only for the repair of non-load bearing bone defects due to its brittle natu...
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Use of word stimulus to strengthen a response during learning.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.