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Clinical Evaluation of Therapy Cool Path Duo Cardiac Ablation System for the Treatment of Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia (VT)

2014-07-24 14:12:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To demonstrate that ablation with the Therapy Cool Path Duo cardiac ablation system can eliminate ischemic VT and that its use does not result in an unacceptable risk of serious adverse events.

Description

Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) is a common complication of ischemic heart disease that is often life threatening. Ventricular tachycardia is defined as three or more beats of ventricular origin in succession at a rate greater than 100 beats per minute. There are no normal QRS complexes associated with VT, and the rhythm is usually regular. Patients with VT experience unpleasant heart palpitations, dyspnea, and syncope, all of which decrease their overall quality of life. They also suffer the consequences of impaired hemodynamics, loss of cardiac efficiency, and are at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), which accounts for approximately half of all deaths from patients with cardiovascular disease.

Historically, antiarrhythmic medications served as the first line therapy for the treatment of VT, in spite of low efficacy and high recurrence rates. But in recent years, internal cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have become the treatment of choice. Although, ICDs are effective in terminating most arrhythmias, rarely does so without some episodes requiring poorly tolerated shock therapy. Ablative therapy offers an important option for frequent control with the potential for long-term VT elimination. Radiofrequency catheter ablation offers the ability to provide immediate control of recurrent VT. Since the early 2000's, strategies, tools, and techniques have been improving to identify key ablation sites and to deliver effective lesions.

Radiofrequency ablation is successful in treating some but not all arrhythmias. With non irrigated technology it has been difficult to ablate ischemic VT. This may be due to an inadequate lesion size. Irrigated electrodes were developed to create larger lesions. Open irrigation at the catheter tip not only produces larger lesions, but also helps reduce the risk of coagulum (clots) and charring due to high temperatures.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Ischemic Ventricular Tachycardia

Intervention

Therapy Cool Path Duo Cardiac Ablation System

Location

University Hospital - Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

St. Jude Medical

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:12:26-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.

A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia characterized by an extremely rapid, hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (150-300 beats/min) with a large oscillating sine-wave appearance. If untreated, ventricular flutter typically progresses to VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION.

The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.

A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature contractions of the HEART VENTRICLES. It is characterized by the premature QRS complex on ECG that is of abnormal shape and great duration (generally >129 msec). It is the most common form of all cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular complexes have no clinical significance except in concurrence with heart diseases.

An autosomal dominant defect of cardiac conduction that is characterized by an abnormal ST-segment in leads V1-V3 on the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM resembling a right BUNDLE-BRANCH BLOCK; high risk of VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA; or VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION; SYNCOPAL EPISODE; and possible sudden death. This syndrome is linked to mutations of gene encoding the cardiac SODIUM CHANNEL alpha subunit.

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