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The purpose of this study is to determine whether oral intake of COMT inhibitors affects the smooth plasma levodopa levels achieved by intestinal levodopa/carbidopa infusion in advanced Parkinson's disease patients. The hypothesis is that COMT inhibitors make plasma concentrations of levodopa more fluctuating.
The aim is to measure variability in plasma levodopa levels during the following three treatments:
Day 1: Duodopa in individually optimised dose Day 2: 80% of optimised Duodopa dose + two tablets of entacapone at t=0 hours and at t= 6 hours Day 3: 80% of optimised Duodopa dose + two tablets of tolcapone at t=0 hours and at t= 6 hours Plasma samples for determination of levodopa concentrations will be taken every 30 minutes during 8 hours. Video recordings will be performed every 30 min during 8 hours, for later blinded assessments by 2-3 experts. Sequences will be in randomised order. Patient self-scores regarding mobility will be recorded, every 30 min during 8 hours.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
levodopa/carbidopa, entacapone, tolcapone
Uppsala University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:21:57-0400
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An inhibitor of DOPA DECARBOXYLASE, preventing conversion of LEVODOPA to dopamine. It is used in PARKINSON DISEASE to reduce peripheral adverse effects of LEVODOPA. It has no antiparkinson actions by itself.
A selective, irreversible inhibitor of Type B monoamine oxidase. It is used in newly diagnosed patients with Parkinson's disease. It may slow progression of the clinical disease and delay the requirement for levodopa therapy. It also may be given with levodopa upon onset of disability. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p385) The compound without isomeric designation is Deprenyl.
Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
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