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Early-Onset Sepsis Surveillance Study

2014-08-27 03:23:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this observational study, the NICHD Neonatal Research Network (NRN) is conducting surveillance of all infants born at NRN centers to identify all newborns who are diagnosed with early-onset sepsis (EOS) and/or meningitis. The study will: establish current hospital-based rates of EOS among term and preterm infants in the era of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; monitor the organisms associated with EOS and meningitis; compare asymptomatic and symptomatic infants by gestational age and pathogen; and monitor sepsis-associated mortality rates by pathogen group.

Description

For more than a decade, the NICHD Neonatal Research Network (NRN) has conducted surveillance of early-onset sepsis (EOS) infections in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, as part of its very low birth weight registry. Although overall rates of EOS have remained stable over time, the relative importance of different pathogens has changed.

In 2002 the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention revised their recommendations for reducing mother-to-child transmission of group B streptococcal (GBS) infections. The new guidelines recommend universal screening of pregnant women at 35 or more weeks' gestation and intrapartum antibiotics for all GBS-colonized mothers (an estimated 30% of mother-to-be in the United States). With the current widespread use of maternal antibiotics, concerns have been raised about the possible emergence of non-GBS pathogens as causes of early-onset sepsis. Several studies have reported a change in EOS pathogens, with the emergence of gram-negative and antibiotic-resistant infections, primarily among VLBW infants.

This observational study expands the NRN's prior work on infection in VLBW infants, conducting surveillance of all infants born at network centers who are diagnosed with early-onset sepsis and/or meningitis. The study will: establish current hospital-based rates of EOS among term and preterm infants in the era of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis; monitor the organisms associated with EOS and meningitis; compare asymptomatic and symptomatic infants by gestational age and pathogen; and monitor sepsis-associated mortality rates by pathogen group. Cases will be identified by the medical care team or through research team review of patient, microbiology, or infection control/hospital epidemiology records.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Infant, Newborn

Location

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Recruiting

Source

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:23:11-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).

An infant during the first month after birth.

A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).

The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.

A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.

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