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Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in USA. Contemporary cardiac care has substantially reduced mortality and morbidity in patients with severe coronary artery disease. However, patients with mild to moderate coronary artery stenosis (<70% stenosis) often present in the future with life threatening acute coronary syndrome which carries significant mortality and morbidity. It is difficult to predict outcomes in these patients before the events because the lack of complete understanding of the mechanisms underlying acute coronary syndrome and the lack of reliable markers that will predict major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is released from endothelial cells and a major factor that prevent thrombosis in the coronary artery, the cause of acute coronary syndrome. Endothelial dysfunction impairs t-PA release. Therefore, we hypothesize that patients with impaired coronary artery t-PA release will have significantly higher risk for future MACE due to intrinsic fibrinolytic dysfunction that leads to increased thrombosis risk.
To test this hypothesis, we will determine whether intrinsic endothelial fibrinolytic dysfunction predicts MACE in patients with non-significant CAD. The study will measure t-PA release mediated by bradykinin, a major mediator for t-PA release. This will involve infusion of bradykinin into left main coronary artery of individuals who have undergone routine cardiac catheterization (clinically indicated). We will take blood samples from the coronary sinus and measure t-PA and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen and activity levels.
Tissue-type Plasminogen Activator (tPA) is a protein in the blood which breaks down clots and plays an important role in preventing myocardial infarction. It is produced by the endothelial cell lining of the blood vessels. Previous studies demonstrate that t-PA is released in response to the hormones bradykinin and acetylcholine. Impaired t-PA release upon bradykinin stimulation may indicate endothelial dysfunction that leads to the development of acute coronary syndrome. In this project, we will determine whether impaired t-PA release can predict future occurrence of acute coronary syndrome. The study will involve individuals getting routine left heart cardiac catheterizations (indication for cardiac catheterization is solely based on clinical indication). Prior to the procedure, patient will have two blood samples (5 ml each) collected from their forearm before and after 2 minutes blood pressure cuff inflation on their arm. After routine diagnostic cardiac catheterization and there is no severe coronary artery stenosis (<70% stenosis), research protocol will be initiated. Study includes infusion with increasing doses of bradykinin into their left main coronary artery, and sample small amounts of blood from their coronary sinus (15 ml total).
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Coronary Artery Disease
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Enrolling by invitation
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:13:55-0400
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