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A new enzymatic assay was developed by NMD Diagnostics for rapid diagnosis of Enteroviral CNS infection. This study will compare this assay to RT-PCR, by testing human CSF samples taken from children at the ER who are undergoing a spinal tap due to suspicion of meningitis.
MND's new enzymatic assay is based on the detection of a specific viral enzyme through the detection of its enzymatic reaction. The detection of a specific enzymatic reaction is indicative to the presence of the specific virus in a biological specimen. This study will compare this diagnostic assay to RT-PCR for diagnosis of enteroviral infection in cerebrospinal fluid. CSF samples will be taken from children undergoing a spinal tap at the pediatric ER due to a suspicion of meningitis. A total of 100 samples will be collected, from children 0-16 years old who's parents agreed on participation in the study. A comparison of the enzymatic assay to RT-PCR as well as calibration and validation of the new assay will be done with the harvested samples, for a rapid and accurate identification of Enterovirus in human cerebrospinal fluid.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Active, not recruiting
Shaare Zedek Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:23:31-0400
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This article discusses meningitis and encephalitis infections caused by viruses, excluding herpes family and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
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Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)
A syndrome characterized by headache, neck stiffness, low grade fever, and CSF lymphocytic pleocytosis in the absence of an acute bacterial pathogen. Viral meningitis is the most frequent cause although MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; RICKETTSIA INFECTIONS; diagnostic or therapeutic procedures; NEOPLASTIC PROCESSES; septic perimeningeal foci; and other conditions may result in this syndrome. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p745)
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA. It is a commensal and pathogen only of humans, and can be carried asymptomatically in the NASOPHARYNX. When found in cerebrospinal fluid it is the causative agent of cerebrospinal meningitis (MENINGITIS, MENINGOCOCCAL). It is also found in venereal discharges and blood. There are at least 13 serogroups based on antigenic differences in the capsular polysaccharides; the ones causing most meningitis infections being A, B, C, Y, and W-135. Each serogroup can be further classified by serotype, serosubtype, and immunotype.
Meningitis caused by fungal agents which may occur as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS or arise in immunocompetent hosts.
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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