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RATIONALE: Treating lymphocytes in the laboratory may help the lymphocytes kill more tumor cells when they are put back in the body. Aldesleukin may stimulate the lymphocytes to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving laboratory-treated lymphocytes and aldesleukin together with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well laboratory-treated autologous lymphocytes and aldesleukin work when given after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.
- Determine the ability of treatment with short-term cultured autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in combination with high-dose aldesleukin after a nonmyeloablative lymphocyte-depleting preparative regimen comprising cyclophosphamide and fludarabine phosphate to mediate tumor regression in patients with metastatic melanoma.
- Determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen.
- Determine the rate of repopulation of the young TIL cells.
- Establish in vitro immunological correlates that predict in vivo persistence and clinical response.
- Conditioning regimen: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -1.
- Tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) infusion and high-dose aldesleukin: Patients receive short-term cultured autologous TIL IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0. Patients also receive high-dose aldesleukin IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours on days 0-4.
Patients with stable disease, partial response, or recurrent disease after initial response may receive 1 additional course of treatment (as above) beginning 8 weeks after completion of aldesleukin.
Blood samples are collected at baseline, at 1 week and 1 month after TIL infusion, and then periodically thereafter for research studies. Samples are analyzed for differences in function and phenotype prior to and after TIL infusion. The immunological correlates of treatment are also evaluated using FACS, cytokine release assays, ELISPOT assays, flow cytometry, and PCR. TIL that are cryopreserved at the time of infusion are analyzed to determine cell phenotype and function; correlation of in vitro characteristics of the infused cells with in vivo antitumor activity; and the activity, specificity, and telomere length using flow FISH.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 4-6 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for 2 years.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
aldesleukin, therapeutic tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine phosphate, fluorescence in situ hybridization, polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, fluorescence activated cell sorting, immunoenzyme technique, laboratory biomar
Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:23:36-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Inserting the gene for inte...
Chemotherapy Consisting of Fludarabine and Cyclophosphamide Followed By White Blood Cell Infusion, Vaccine Therapy, and Aldesleukin in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Metastatic Melanoma
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Treated white blood c...
RATIONALE: Inserting a laboratory-treated gene into a person's white blood cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Giving cyclophosphamide and fludarabine bef...
RATIONALE: Aldesleukin may stimulate lymphocytes to kill melanoma cells. Treating lymphocytes with interleukin-21 in the laboratory may help the lymphocytes kill more tumor cells when they...
RATIONALE: An infusion of a patient's lymphocytes that have been treated in the laboratory to remove certain immune cells may be an effective treatment for melanoma. Drugs, such as cycloph...
Numerous reports indicate that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are a prognostic factor in various cancers and that they must be good biomarkers. However, the methods of evaluating TILs differ in...
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Additional prognostic markers are needed for better treatment stratification of stage II colon cancer (CC). We investigated the prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in a true popu...
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Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
Form of adoptive transfer where cells with antitumor activity are transferred to the tumor-bearing host in order to mediate tumor regression. The lymphoid cells commonly used are lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). This is usually considered a form of passive immunotherapy. (From DeVita, et al., Cancer, 1993, pp.305-7, 314)
A benign, rapidly growing, deeply pigmented tumor of the jaw and occasionally of other sites, consisting of an infiltrating mass of cells arranged in an alveolar pattern, and occurring almost exclusively in infants. Its source of origin is in dispute, the various theories giving rise to its several names. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A transmembrane protein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that specifically binds to CD27 ANTIGEN. It is found on activated T-LYMPHOCYTES; B-LYMPHOCYTES; and DENDRITIC CELLS where it plays a role in stimulating the proliferation of CD4-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES and CD8-POSITIVE T-LYMPHOCYTES.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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