Advertisement

Topics

Alcohol Early Intervention for Freshmen

2014-07-24 14:14:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Alcohol abuse among college students is a significant and long-standing public health issue. The transition into college is marked by substantial increases in alcohol abuse and problems, suggesting the importance of interventions that take place prior to and immediately following matriculation. To date, early interventions with this population have yielded modest results with very little evidence identifying either the factors that are responsible for observed effects or specific individual or situational factors that qualify intervention efficacy. There is preliminary evidence for the efficacy of individualized feedback (IF) in reducing college student alcohol abuse. Additionally, a sizeable body of research with early adolescents and emerging work with college students point to the utility of parent-based interventions (PBI). The major aim of this research is to provide the first test of the unique and combined efficacy of these two successful interventions in reducing alcohol abuse among matriculating college students.

Description

Using a 2 X 2 IF (yes; no) X PBI (yes; no) factorial design, this study will determine whether IF and PBI with "boosters" are effective in reducing alcohol abuse among incoming college students. It is hypothesized that groups receiving IF and PBI will demonstrate lower levels of alcohol abuse over the first two years of college than those not receiving these interventions and that the effects of combining these interventions will be additive (Specific Aim 1). Structural equation modeling techniques will be used to conduct mediational analyses investigating theoretically derived hypotheses about the processes by which intervention factors influence alcohol use and problems (Specific Aim 2). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses will examine hypothesized individual and situational moderators of intervention efficacy (Specific Aim 3). The use of a factorial design and explicit mediational analyses will allow for very strong inferences regarding the "active ingredients" of intervention efficacy. The long-term objectives of this research are to improve the efficacy of early interventions and to inform research and theory on the etiology of alcoholism. More effective interventions, particularly those that target students during a developmental transition of enhanced risk, will result in fewer injuries from acute intoxication, enhance retention and learning, and lessen the development of alcoholism as a result of chronic alcohol abuse.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Alcohol Abuse

Intervention

Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI), Parent Based Intervention plus booster, Combined brief motivational intervention and parent based intervention plus boosters for both interventions, Assessment only

Location

University of Rhode Island, Department of Psychology
Kingston,
Rhode Island
United States
02881

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:14:12-0400

Clinical Trials [6317 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Parent-Mediated Intervention for Families With Children With Autism and Feeding Challenges

The goal is to pilot a parent-mediated intervention for feeding challenges in children with autism building on our recent research and current successful models already being used. A paren...

A Media Based Motivational Intervention to Prevent Alcohol Exposed Pregnancies (AEPs)

The study will evaluate the effectiveness of a media-based self-guided motivational intervention to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEP) among women 18 to 44 years of age living in Flo...

Resources to Enhance the Adjustment of Children (REACH)

This continuation study evaluates the long-term outcomes of multimodal, modular interventions with early-onset behavior disordered children and innovative methods to promote the maintenanc...

University of Oklahoma Parenting Program Attrition

The study will examine the extent to which a group motivational intervention (ME) impacts retention, treatment compliance, and long-term outcomes in families with a history of, or high ris...

A Brief MI Intervention in the ED to Increase Child Passenger Restraint Use

This study involves an emergency department (ED)-based intervention utilizing Motivational Interviewing (MI) techniques and patient-centered (e.g., tailored) print materials to promote the...

PubMed Articles [16759 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Parent-based interventions on adolescent alcohol use outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The effects of parent-based interventions on adolescent alcohol use are unclear, including what factors moderate intervention effects. This study examines the effects of parent-based interventions on ...

Effects of a Web-based Pre-Enrollment Alcohol Brief Motivational Intervention on College Student Retention and Alcohol-Related Violations.

Determine if completing a pre-enrollment Web-based alcohol Brief Motivational Intervention (BI) increased student retention and reduced student alcohol-related violations.

The Effect of Motivational Interviewing on Craving and Dependence on Hookah in Suburban Pregnant Women in South East of Iran.

Hookah smoking during pregnancy is a health concern which requires effective interventions. Thus, the authors have aimed to evaluate the effect of motivational interviewing on craving and dependence o...

Testing a motivational model of delivery modality and incentives on participation in a brief alcohol intervention.

The current research evaluated delivery modality and incentive as factors affecting recruitment into a personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for heavy drinking college students. W...

Brief Motivational Intervention for Underage Young Adult Drinkers: Results from a Randomized Clinical Trial.

While there is a substantial literature on the efficacy of brief motivational intervention (BMI) for college student drinkers, research has focused less on young adults who do not attend a four-year c...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.

A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.

Process of formulating a diagnosis based on medical history and physical or mental examinations, and/or choosing an appropriate intervention.

Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)

A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.

More From BioPortfolio on "Alcohol Early Intervention for Freshmen"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topic

Public Health
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...


Searches Linking to this Trial