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Intravenous Lidocaine and Postoperative Outcomes After Cardiac Surgery

2014-07-24 14:14:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is being done to determine if lidocaine, administered during surgery and for 24 hours after surgery can reduce inflammation, thereby reducing the risk of atrial fibrillation and delirium after surgery. Participants undergoing cardiac surgery will be randomized to receive either lidocaine or placebo.

Description

Subjects undergoing cardiac surgery are randomized into one of two groups.

- Group 1: Intravenous Lidocaine Group

- Group 2: Intravenous placebo Group

Either Lidocaine or placebo is administered throughout surgery and 24 hours after surgery.

Patients in both groups will undergo cognitive assessments,quality of life assessments and functional recovery assessments post-surgery.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Cardiac Surgery

Intervention

Lidocaine, Lidocaine, Placebo

Location

Cleveland Clinic/Hillcrest
Mayfield Heights
Ohio
United States
44124

Status

Recruiting

Source

Outcomes Research Consortium

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:14:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of procaine but its duration of action is shorter than that of bupivacaine or prilocaine.

Antiarrhythmic agent pharmacologically similar to LIDOCAINE. It may have some anticonvulsant properties.

A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p165)

A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.

A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)

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