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LAGB Versus VBG: 7-Year Results

2014-08-27 03:24:26 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study aims to investigate the long term results of a randomized clinical single-centre trial comparing two standard operative techniques in bariatric surgery; laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and vertical banded gastroplasty.

Description

One hundred morbidly obese patients were included in the study. Randomization between the two operative techniques was performed using a computer model. Fifty patients were included in both groups. Weight loss, obesity-related comorbidity, long term complications, re-operations and conversions were all prospectively investigated for a mean period of 84 months.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Morbid Obesity

Intervention

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, vertical banded gastroplasty

Location

Maastricht University Medical Centre
Maastricht
Limburg
Netherlands
6202 AZ

Status

Completed

Source

Maastricht University Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:24:26-0400

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PubMed Articles [2896 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Weight loss and metabolic improvements in obese patients undergoing gastric banding and gastric banded plication: A comparison.

Obesity is a pandemic health problem. Bariatric surgery is the only efficient method for long-term effective weight loss in subjects with severe obesity. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical procedures involving the STOMACH and sometimes the lower ESOPHAGUS to correct anatomical defects, or to treat MORBID OBESITY by reducing the size of the stomach. There are several subtypes of bariatric gastroplasty, such as vertical banded gastroplasty, silicone ring vertical gastroplasty, and horizontal banded gastroplasty.

An inflatable device implanted in the stomach as an adjunct to therapy of morbid obesity. Specific types include the silicone Garren-Edwards Gastric Bubble (GEGB), approved by the FDA in 1985, and the Ballobes Balloon.

Surgical procedure in which the STOMACH is transected high on the body. The resulting small proximal gastric pouch is joined to any parts of the SMALL INTESTINE by an end-to-side SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS, depending on the amounts of intestinal surface being bypasses. This procedure is used frequently in the treatment of MORBID OBESITY by limiting the size of functional STOMACH, food intake, and food absorption.

The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)

The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.

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