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Background: How best to improve iron status among infants in low-income settings is of continued concern in many countries, including Brazil
Design: In a double blind, 5-mo, home-based trial in Brazil, mildly anemic 6 - 24 month-old children (n=175) were randomly assigned to receive either Ultra Rice (URG) fortified with 23,4, mg Fe as micronized ferric pyrophosphate (MFP) and a placebo solution of iron drops, or identical non-fortified rice (CG) and a solution of iron drops. Parents were instructed on the correct dosage of iron drops and to feed their children (including whether and how much rice) as they normally would. Iron status and hemoglobin (Hb) were measured at baseline and at 5 mo.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
iron fortified rice, iron drops
Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMg
Federal University of Minas Gerais
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:14:24-0400
This was a double-blind community-based trial, placebo controlled. During 16 weeks, children in the intervention group (GI, n=180) received iron fortified rice, and children in the control...
The investigators studies will compare iron, respectively iron and zinc bioavailability from fortified rice produced from different fortification techniques using stable isotopic labels. S...
Rice can only be fortified with ferric pyrophosphate (FePP), which is of low bioavailability in human subjects. Compounds such as citric acid/trisodium citrate (CA/TSC) or sodium ethylene-...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether iron-fortified PN is effective in the preventative and treatment of preterm infants. Preterm infants are at risk for anemia especially in ...
In preterm infants with birth weights less than 1500 grams, does iron supplementation with 2mg/kg/day in addition to feeding with routine iron-fortified milk (formula or fortified mother's...
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) causes long-term growth and neurodevelopmental deficits that are worsened by maternal iron deficiency (ID). In our preclinical rat model, PAE causes fetal anemia, brain...
WHO guidelines recommend concurrent iron and antimalarial treatment in children with malaria and iron deficiency, but iron may not be well absorbed or utilized during a malaria episode.
Iron deficiency is a major cause of anemia in older people. Increasing the knowledge on the predictors of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) may facilitate its timely diagnosis.
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a common medical condition, yet there is still some diagnostic uncertainty in this respect. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical significance of biomarkers...
Iron supplementation therapy is used for iron-deficiency anemia but has been associated with macular degeneration in a 43-year-old patient. Iron entry into the neurosensory retina (NSR) can be toxic. ...
Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the fortified food. The supplementation of cereals with iron and vitamins is an example of fortified food. Fortified food includes also enriched food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those essential nutrients removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...