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A clinical study to evaluate the use of cell phones to support drug adherence and follow-up of patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) for treatment of HIV. The intervention involves health-care providers sending regular short-message-service (SMS) text messages to patients and following up their responses. The hypothesis is that the cell phone intervention will improve ART adherence and health outcomes compared with the current standard of care.
This RCT study focuses on enrolling and following patients initiating ART. Note, a second parallel prospective cohort study enrolls and follows ART experienced patients who have already been taking ART for at least one year before and after the same intervention.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Cell Phone Intervention
University of Nairobi Clinics
University of Manitoba
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:14:34-0400
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Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.
A study in which observations are made before and after an intervention, both in a group that receives the intervention and in a control group that does not.
A study that uses observations at multiple time points before and after an intervention (the "interruption"), in an attempt to detect whether the intervention has had an effect significantly greater than any underlying trend over time.
Analog or digital communications device in which the user has a wireless connection from a telephone to a nearby transmitter. It is termed cellular because the service area is divided into multiple "cells." As the user moves from one cell area to another, the call is transferred to the local transmitter.
A cellular phone with advanced computing and connectivity capability built on an operating system.
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Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the combination of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering whe...