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Increased bladder mass occurs as a consequence of bladder outlet obstruction in animals and patients, and relief of bladder outlet obstruction reverses an increased bladder mass. Whether increased bladder mass is not only a consequence of bladder outlet obstruction but also a relevant risk factor for the progression of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostate hyperplasia cannot be decided due to a lack of appropriate data, most likely because bladder wall thickness is not routinely measured in clinical studies and/or routine clinical practice. Despite this lack of data, many urologists feel that increased bladder mass should be prevented or decreased to reduce the occurrence of serious complications.
The possibility of using bladder wall thickness data as criteria for benign prostate hyperplasia intervention and as outcome criteria for benign prostate hyperplasia treatment has been proposed. Detrusor hypertrophy associated with bladder outlet obstruction can be imaged on suprapubic ultrasound, and bladder mass can be quantified from the evaluation of bladder wall thickness and bladder volume. Bladder wall hypertrophy has been found to be correlated with detrusor function.
Independent studies have shown that surgical treatment of benign prostatic obstruction results in a significant decrease of bladder mass. Preliminary data suggest the possibility that medical treatment with alpha-adrenergic antagonists might also produce a reduction of bladder wall hypertrophy.
The investigators assume that the prevention of benign prostate hyperplasia progression by alpha-adrenergic antagonists and 5 alpha reductase inhibitors may be result of bladder function protection. To our knowledge there have been no studies that evaluated the effects of a 5 alpha reductase inhibitors on bladder function. Therefore, the investigators plan to conduct a prospective trial evaluating the effects of 5 alpha reductase inhibitors on bladder function by the evaluation of bladder wall thickness and lower urinary tract symptoms.
1.1 Primary Objective: To explore the efficacy of Dutasteride in reducing bladder wall hypertrophy from baseline to 6 months of treatment in male patients with benign prostatic obstruction.
1.2 Secondary Objective:
1. To explore the efficacy of Dutasteride in reducing the LUTS symptoms, number of micturitions, and number of urgency episodes from baseline to 6 months of treatment
2. To explore the efficacy of Dutasteride on the urodynamic parameters from baseline to 6 months of treatment.
3. To explore the efficacy of Dutasteride on the tolerability, safety, patient perception and quality of life from baseline to 6 months of treatment.
2.1 Primary Endpoint: Percent (numeric) changes in ultrasound-estimated bladder weight (UEBW) from baseline to 6 months of treatment
2.2 Secondary Endpoint:
Urodynamic parameters: From baseline to 6 months of treatment
• Percentage and numeric changes of the
- Maximum flow rate (mL/s)
- Average flow rate (mL/s)
- Post-void residual urine volume (mL)
Micturition diary efficacy parameters: From baseline to 6 months of treatment
- Percentage and numeric changes in micturition frequency/24 hours
- Percentage and numeric changes in mean volume voided per micturition
- Percentage and numeric changes in mean number and severity of urgency per micturition
Prostate volume parameters:
• Change in prostate volume by TRUS from baseline to after 6 months of treatment.
• Change in serum PSA from baseline to after 6 months of treatment.
Quality of life parameters:
• Change in Bother Score of IPSS score from baseline to 6 months of treatment
LUTS Symptom parameters:
• Change in IPSS score from baseline to 6 months of treatment
- total score: sum of all 7 questions
- storage score: sum of questions 2, 4 and 7
- voiding score: sum of questions 1, 3, 5 and 6
LUTS outcome score (LOS)
• Change in LOS from baseline to 6 months of treatment
- Patient perception of treatment benefit after 3 and 6 months of treatment
- Change in patient perception of urgency from baseline to 3 and 6 month of treatment
• Incidence and severity of adverse events
• Incidence and reason of withdrawals
3. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS
Study Design: This is a 6-month prospective Phase IV study to explore the effect on the bladder function of Dutasteride in male patients with benign prostatic obstruction.
Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Samsung Medical Center
Korea, Republic of
Samsung Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:14:38-0400
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