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Skin Safety Profile of Different Exposure to the Light Emitting Diode (LED) in Healthy Subjects

2014-08-27 03:25:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Photomodulation is a process which manipulates or regulates cell activity using light sources without thermal effect. Different studies have investigated the use of non-thermal low dose light emitting diode (LED) array for improving the appearance of photo aging damage. The photomodulation concept includes a low energy, narrow band or coherent light with specific pulse sequences and durations.

Preliminary investigations done by McDaniel et al. demonstrated that fibroblast activity could be regulated using pulsing light at specific wavelenghts. Using a variety of LED light sources, his group has demonstrated that by varying light pulses and other parameters, procollagen synthesis could be upregulated in human skin fibroblast culture [McDaniel DH, et al.Lasers Surg Med. 2002; 14-251]. A clinical correlation was also shown based on different clinical trials data on around 1000 subjects, LED has shown up to 90% improvement in wrinkles and an increase of collagen synthesis versus control with little or no side effects associated [Weiss, RA et al. Lasers Surg Med 2005; 36(2): 85-91- Weiss, RA et al.: J Drugs Dermatol 2004; 3(6): 605-610 - Weiss RA et al. Dermatol Surg 2005; 31(9):1999-1204 - Russel BA et al. J Cosmet Laser Ther 2005; 7 (3-4):196-200 - Bhat J et al. Laser Med Sci 2005; 20(1):6-10]. Based on these promising clinical data, Light BioScience submitted a dossier to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and obtained in January 2005 the FDA approval for its GentleWaves® Light Emitting Diode (LED) for the non-invasive treatment of periorbital (eye area) wrinkles and rhytids. The LED technology has been considered by FDA as non significant risk. In Europe, the GentleWaves® Light Emitting Diode has obtained the notified body certification for the same indication. This medical claim is associated with cosmetic improvement of aging and sun-damaged skin, further validation the science of LED photomodulation skin rejuvenation [Investigator's Brochure. Version 1].

This approval has been obtained with a professional LED GentleWaves® device used under a physician's responsibility. The initial regimen of 35 seconds twice per week with at least two days in between treatment for a total of 4 weeks duration of treatment has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of typical signs of photo aging and no adverse effect.

A monocentre, randomized clinical study.

Description

The purpose of this study is to evaluate different treatment regimens in order to be able to develop new indications or to optimize the result already obtained in the treatment of wrinkles around the eyes. We therefore propose to perform a safety clinical trial with male and female volunteers with different schedules per day or per week.

A total of 100 subjects (male and female) will be randomized in the study according to the following schedule of exposure:

Group A: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED twice a week for one cycle (35 seconds) with an interval between treatments of at least 2 days, during a treatment period of 4 weeks.

Group B: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED twice a week for two consecutive cycles (35 seconds each) with an interval between treatments of at least 2 days, during a treatment period of 4 weeks.

Group C: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED for one cycle (35 seconds) twice a day (morning and evening). This treatment will be repeated twice a week with an interval between treatments of at least 2 days, during a treatment period of 4 weeks.

Group D: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED for one cycle (35 seconds) every day (from Monday to Friday) during a treatment of period of 4 weeks.

Group E: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED for two consecutive cycles (35 seconds each) every day (from Monday to Friday) during a treatment of period of 4 weeks.

treatment period of 4 weeks.

Group D: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED for one cycle (35 seconds) every day (from Monday to Friday) during a treatment of period of 4 weeks.

Group E: 20 subjects (8 males - 12 females) will be exposed to the LED for two consecutive cycles (35 seconds each) every day (from Monday to Friday) during a treatment of period of 4 weeks.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Radiation Tolerance

Intervention

LED GentleWaves®

Location

Thomas Stephens and Associates, Inc
Carrollton
Texas
United States
75006

Status

Completed

Source

L'Oreal

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:25:17-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The ability of some cells or tissues to withstand ionizing radiation without serious injury. Tolerance depends on the species, cell type, and physical and chemical variables, including RADIATION-PROTECTIVE AGENTS and RADIATION-SENSITIZING AGENTS.

The normal lack of the ability to produce an immunological response to autologous (self) antigens. A breakdown of self tolerance leads to autoimmune diseases. The ability to recognize the difference between self and non-self is the prime function of the immune system.

Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.

The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.

Electromagnetic radiation which does not produce ions in matter through which it passes. Its wavelengths are generally greater than those of far ultraviolet radiation and range through the longest radio waves.

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