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Postprandial Dysmetabolism

2014-08-27 03:25:30 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a common disease associated with multiple complications and an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Also, it is a heavy economical burden on society. 1st degree relatives of patients with T2D have an increased risk of developing T2D. This risk can be modified by the ingested diet: a traditional north European diet rich in saturated fat increases the risk, while a Mediterranean diet rich in monounsaturated fat protects from development of T2D and cardiovascular disease.

T2D is a part of the metabolic syndrome consisting of T2D, hypertension, adipositas, dyslipidemia and steatosis. The pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome is partly explained by fasting dyslipidemia, postprandial dysmetabolism (derangement of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism) and impaired metabolic flexibility. Partly, it can be explained by a chronic low-grade inflammation in peripheral tissue. The dysmetabolism and the inflammation are correlating entities exerting their influence through common biochemical pathways. This is established in patients with T2D, but sparsely studied in healthy relatives of patients with T2D.

In this project, the investigators will study postprandial dysmetabolism, inflammation, oxidative stress, adipocytokines, incretins, appetite regulating hormones and the expression of the genes involved in above mentioned. We will compare healthy 1st degree relatives of patients with T2D with healthy controls with no family history of T2D and look into differences in the response to meal stimulation with respectively saturated and monounsaturated fat. The subjects will be thoroughly examined with a hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp and a DEXA scan. Before and after the meal stimulation, we will perform calorimetry (in order to determine the metabolic rates), take blood samples and perform muscle and fat tissue biopsies. The biopsies will be used for studies of a vast number of genes.

The project will give us new valuable knowledge about the interaction between the intermediate metabolism and the innate immune system and the early pre-diabetic changes in the 1st degree relatives of patients with T2D. In the long run, the project will contribute to improving our guidance and treatment of persons at risk of developing T2D.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject)

Conditions

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Meal challenge, Meal challenge

Location

Aarhus University Hospital
Aarhus
Denmark
8000

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Aarhus University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:25:30-0400

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PubMed Articles [13184 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Postprandial hyperglycemia remains a challenge in type 1 diabetes (T1D) due, in part, to dysregulated increases in plasma glucagon levels after meals.

Pre-Meal Effect of Whey Proteins on Metabolic Parameters in Subjects with and without Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Crossover Trial.

Diabetic dyslipidemia with elevated postprandial triglyceride (TG) responses is characteristic in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Diet and meal timing can modify postprandial lipemia (PPL). The impact of a pre...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).

The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.

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