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Study to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of Sirolimus (Rapamune) to Tacrolimus (Advagraf) Associated to Mycophenolate Mofetil (CellCept) Between 12 and 36 Months After Kidney Transplantation

2014-08-27 03:25:31 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The use of tacrolimus in the long term as part of the immunosuppressive regimen after transplantation is associated to complications such as chronic nephrotoxicity, impaired glucose metabolism (diabetes mellitus) and an increase of the incidence of neoplasia. The conversion from a tacrolimus based therapy to a sirolimus based therapy associated with mycophenolate mofetil could improve the incidence of such complications. The aim of this study is to assess the risk/benefit ratio of this switch performed in stable renal transplant recipient between 12 months and 36 months after transplantation. The incidence of a composite endpoint (worsening of GFR evaluated by MDRD formula, incidence of cancer and diabetes) will be assessed 24 months after conversion.

Description

Two doses of Sirolimus will be evaluated accorded to the CYP 3A5 genotype. Patients carrying at least CYP 3A5 *1 allele will receive 4 mg per day whereas the others (CYP 3A5 *3/*3) will receive 2 mg.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Kidney Transplantation

Intervention

Sirolimus

Location

UHAmiens
Amiens
France
35000

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Rouen

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:25:31-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.

General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

A macrolide compound obtained from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that acts by selectively blocking the transcriptional activation of cytokines thereby inhibiting cytokine production. It is bioactive only when bound to IMMUNOPHILINS. Sirolimus is a potent immunosuppressant and possesses both antifungal and antineoplastic properties.

A derivative of sirolimus and an inhibitor of TOR SERINE-THREONINE KINASES. It is used to prevent GRAFT REJECTION in heart and kidney transplant patients by blocking cell proliferation signals. It is also an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT.

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Transplantation
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...


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