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Florida Center for Brain Tumor Research

2014-08-27 03:25:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this research study is to collect and store brain tumor tissue samples for future research. The samples will become part of the University of Florida Brain Tumor Tissue Bank/Florida Center for Brain Tumor Research. The goal is to find improved treatments and cures for brain tumors.

Description

The mission of the Florida Center for Brain Tumor Research is to discover cures for brain tumors and develop innovative brain tumor treatment modalities by providing a central repository for brain tumor biopsies and clinical information from individuals throughout the state of Florida, improving brain tumor biomedical research programs within the state of Florida, facilitating funding opportunities, fostering collaboration with brain tumor research organizations and other institutions, and fostering improved technology transfer of brain tumor research findings into clinical trials and widespread public use.

The Florida Center for Brain Tumor Research will collect and store left-over tissue that is not needed for medical care or diagnosis in a tissue bank in the Evelyn F. and William L. McKnight Brain Institute at the University of Florida. Tissue, medical information, cerebrospinal fluid, blood and answers to Quality of Life questionnaires will be stored and made available to researchers. Although developed for Florida, tumor tissue from all other states would be accepted.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Brain Tumors

Intervention

Tissue Banking

Location

University of Florida
Gainesville
Florida
United States
32610

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Florida

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:25:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.

Tissue NECROSIS in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Brain infarction is the result of a cascade of events initiated by inadequate blood flow through the brain that is followed by HYPOXIA and HYPOGLYCEMIA in brain tissue. Damage may be temporary, permanent, selective or pan-necrosis.

Rare mixed tumors of the brain and rarely the spinal cord which contain malignant neuroectodermal (glial) and mesenchymal components, including spindle-shaped fibrosarcoma cells. These tumors are highly aggressive and present primarily in adults as rapidly expanding mass lesions. They may arise in tissue that has been previously irradiated. (From Br J Neurosurg 1995 Apr;9(2):171-8)

Neoplasms located in the brain ventricles, including the two lateral, the third, and the fourth ventricle. Ventricular tumors may be primary (e.g., CHOROID PLEXUS NEOPLASMS and GLIOMA, SUBEPENDYMAL), metastasize from distant organs, or occur as extensions of locally invasive tumors from adjacent brain structures.

Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.

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