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Hypothesis: The investigators hypothesize that regular monitoring of BIA adds value to the management of fluid status in PD patients
Objectives of the study: The objective is to show that in patients where the additional information of body composition is available to the clinician that the ECFv is maintained within pre-agreed limits, ~ 1 liter, over the observation period of 12 months.
Low peritoneal ultrafiltration, and by inference low sodium removal, is associated with worse outcomes in PD. Equally, excessive fluid removal is a risk factor for dehydration and loss of residual renal function. Current guidelines have advocated a daily UF volume of 1litre; their blunt application could lead to either inappropriate early loss of residual function or modality transfer. There is a significant need for evidence on how to best manage fluid status in PD patients, both in terms of an appropriate clinical strategy and also a simple but reproducible tool to guide clinicians in how to apply this strategy.
It is likely that BIA will become the standard tool to aid clinicians in assessing fluid status. It is simple to perform, intervention studies have demonstrated its ability to identify changes in fluid status in response to changes in therapy and it is a powerful predictor of patient survival. There is, however a clear need at this stage for proof of principle studies to establish its true potential for added value in the routine management of patients.
Body composition changes spontaneously with time on PD. Short term changes in hydration (specifically extracellular fluid volume, ECFv) combined with medium term changes in muscle and fat make it difficult for the clinician to be sure if fluid status is stable. It is anticipated that regular BIA measurements will aid the clinician in managing this problem over and above monitoring of weight and fluid status. By randomizing patients into two groups who have regular BIA measurements, one of which the BIA data is available to the clinician it will be possible to see if these spontaneous changes in body composition can be accounted for.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
University Hospital of North Staffordshire
Stoke on Trent
Not yet recruiting
University Hospital of North Staffordshire
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:25:55-0400
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Fluid collected from nipple by gentle aspiration. The fluid contains cells and extracellular fluid from the breast ductal epithelium.
Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
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A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
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Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...