Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This pilot project consists of co-locating dental hygienist services in medical primary care offices. Dental hygienists will work in close collaboration with the primary care offices, providing preventive dental care to young children either before or after scheduled well-child visits.
This investigation is designed to determine the effect of having co-located dental hygienists in primary care offices on the incidence of early childhood caries among young children seen at these primary care offices. The dental hygienists will provide routine preventive dental care and oral health education within the usual scope of their practice. The study is also designed to assess parent knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about oral health and perceived barriers to preventive dental care, as well as how their oral health-related attitudes change over time.
The specific aims for this project are:
SA1: Among parents of young children seen in pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents regarding the importance of oral health, means of preventing caries, and perceived barriers to accessing regular preventive dental care.
SA2: After co-locating dental hygienists within pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine by randomized controlled trial the effect of routine preventive dental care provided by dental hygienists on the incidence of early childhood caries.
SA#: Among parents of young children seen in pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine how parental oral health-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers change over time, among parents of children seen by a co-located dental hygienist.
The major hypotheses for this project are:
1. Parents of children with public health insurance (Medicaid or Child Health Plan-Plus) will have one-half the odds of reporting a usual source of preventive dental care compared to children with private health insurance.
2. Among young children receiving routine preventive dental care by a co-located dental hygienist, 10% will develop dental caries over a 24-month period, compared with 20% caries experience among children who do not receive routine preventive dental care by a co-located dental hygienist.
3. Parents of children with early childhood caries (any caries in a primary tooth) which developed over a 24-month period will have more than twice the odds of reporting barriers to accessing a dental provider than parents of children with no early childhood caries.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Oral Health Care Early Intervention Project
Rocky Mountain Youth
University of Colorado, Denver
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:15:12-0400
Despite improvements in oral health among children, children living in areas characterized by low socio-economic status still have a significant disease burden with regard to dental caries...
The fact that dental caries remains a major public health problem mandates that oral-health researchers explore new strategies for assessment of caries risk, as well as for caries preventi...
The Detroit Dental Health Project (DDHP)aims to promote oral health and reduce disparities within the community of low-income African-American children (0-5 years) and their main caregiver...
An intensive intervention of specially trained paraprofessionals, called community oral health specialists (COHS), administering on a quarterly basis for 2 years fluoride varnish and oral ...
This study will examine the mechanisms of action of probiotics and synbiotics for control of oral diseases, with a particular focus on exploring new strategies for caries prevention and tr...
Pediatric oral health is determined by the interaction of environmental factors and genetic influences. This is the case for early childhood caries, the most common disease of childhood. The complexit...
Evidence of effectiveness for prevention of early childhood caries suggests that parent engagement needs to occur perinatally and that unconventional providers, helping professionals like social worke...
National and professional organizations recommend oral health promotion in prenatal care to improve women's oral health. However, few prenatal programs include education about oral health promotion. T...
Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being. Oral health is influenced by an individual's physiologic and psychosocial attributes and cumulative oral health exp...
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative stu...
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Action taken to reduce susceptibility or exposure to health problems and to detect and treat disease in early stages.
Health care services that are respectful of and responsive to the health beliefs, practices and cultural and linguistic needs of diverse patients. The provider and the patient each bring their individual learned patterns of language and culture to the health care experience which must be transcended to achieve equal access and quality health care.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....
Collaborations in biotechnology
Commercial and academic collaborations are used throughout the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector to enhance research and product development. Collaborations can take the form of research and evaluation agreements, licensing, partnerships etc. ...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...