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Oral Health Care Early Intervention Project

2014-07-24 14:15:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This pilot project consists of co-locating dental hygienist services in medical primary care offices. Dental hygienists will work in close collaboration with the primary care offices, providing preventive dental care to young children either before or after scheduled well-child visits.

Description

This investigation is designed to determine the effect of having co-located dental hygienists in primary care offices on the incidence of early childhood caries among young children seen at these primary care offices. The dental hygienists will provide routine preventive dental care and oral health education within the usual scope of their practice. The study is also designed to assess parent knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about oral health and perceived barriers to preventive dental care, as well as how their oral health-related attitudes change over time.

The specific aims for this project are:

SA1: Among parents of young children seen in pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents regarding the importance of oral health, means of preventing caries, and perceived barriers to accessing regular preventive dental care.

SA2: After co-locating dental hygienists within pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine by randomized controlled trial the effect of routine preventive dental care provided by dental hygienists on the incidence of early childhood caries.

SA#: Among parents of young children seen in pediatric and family medicine primary care practices, determine how parental oral health-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers change over time, among parents of children seen by a co-located dental hygienist.

The major hypotheses for this project are:

1. Parents of children with public health insurance (Medicaid or Child Health Plan-Plus) will have one-half the odds of reporting a usual source of preventive dental care compared to children with private health insurance.

2. Among young children receiving routine preventive dental care by a co-located dental hygienist, 10% will develop dental caries over a 24-month period, compared with 20% caries experience among children who do not receive routine preventive dental care by a co-located dental hygienist.

3. Parents of children with early childhood caries (any caries in a primary tooth) which developed over a 24-month period will have more than twice the odds of reporting barriers to accessing a dental provider than parents of children with no early childhood caries.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Caries Incidence

Intervention

Oral Health Care Early Intervention Project

Location

Rocky Mountain Youth
Aurora
Colorado
United States
80011

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Colorado, Denver

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:15:12-0400

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