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Validation of Mixed Venous Blood Oxygen Saturation Obtained With a Novel Mathematical Equation

2014-08-27 03:26:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test a new way to measure the oxygen level in the mixed venous blood system (the system that carries blood collected from all over the body to the heart), which is a very important monitoring tool for the overall oxygen delivery to all our tissues. This new way measures the oxygen level in the mixed venous blood from outside the body, instead of measuring from the inside through a catheter (a thin, flexible plastic tube) that is placed by breaking the skin.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation

Intervention

'Cerebral/Somatic Tissue Oximeter' device

Location

Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02114

Status

Recruiting

Source

Massachusetts General Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:26:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.

The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)

Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.

Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

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