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RATIONALE: White button mushroom extract may stop or delay the development of recurrent prostate cancer.
- To assess the feasibility and toxicity of prolonged white button mushroom extract at six different dose levels in patients with biochemically recurrent, hormone-naive prostate cancer after local therapy.
- To analyze the effect of this regimen on a variety of biomarkers including testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone, estrogens, aromatase, parameters of immune function, and circulating tumor cells.
- To assess the effect of this regimen on PSA kinetics as a measure of disease activity in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
Patients receive oral white button mushroom extract twice daily on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Blood and urine samples are collected periodically for pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and immunologic correlative studies. Plasma and urine samples are analyzed for quantification of conjugated unsaturated fatty acids via gas chromatography-mass spectometry. Plasma samples are analyzed for inhibition of aromatase via aromatase activity analysis and the effect of treatment on immune cytokines levels via immunobiologic assays. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells are analyzed for the effect of treatment on immune cell subsets and NK cell function via multi-parameter flow cytometry; effect of treatment on NK cell activation status via staining method; and measurement of circulating tumor cells via fluorescence microscopy, fiber-optic array scanning technology (FAST), or high-speed flow cytometry. Additional serum samples are collected for future studies.
Patients complete a diary listing days of administration of treatment and side effects.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
white button mushroom extract, chromatography, flow cytometry, immunologic technique, laboratory biomarker analysis, mass spectrometry, pharmacological study, staining method
City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:26:44-0400
RATIONALE: White button mushroom extract may stop or delay the recurrence of breast cancer in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effe...
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A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).
A technique encompassing morphometry, densitometry, neural networks, and expert systems that has numerous clinical and research applications and is particularly useful in anatomic pathology for the study of malignant lesions. The most common current application of image cytometry is for DNA analysis, followed by quantitation of immunohistochemical staining.
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.
A group of cells identified on FLOW CYTOMETRY profiles as distinct from the main group of cells by their ability to extrude the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342, often a characteristic property of less differentiated progenitor and STEM CELLS.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
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