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Evaluation the Possible Influence of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization on Hepatitis B Viral Replication

2014-07-23 21:19:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the traditional method for the palliative management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Few previous studies had demonstrated that the serum level of anticancer drug from patients treated by TACE was similar to those treated by systemic chemotherapy. Since systemic chemotherapy may have the possibility to influence patient's general defense ability, hepatitis B virus may reactivate after chemotherapy.This study is to investigate the possibility of TACE in the reactivation of hepatitis B virus.

Description

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common malignant tumor of the liver. Chronic hepatitis B infection is the common etiology for the development of HCC. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the traditional method for the palliative management of patients with HCC. Few previous studies had demonstrated that the serum level of anticancer drug from patients treated by TACE was similar to those treated by systemic chemotherapy. Since systemic chemotherapy may have the possibility to influence patient's general defense ability, hepatitis B virus may reactivate after chemotherapy. There is no study to investigate the possibility of TACE in the reactivation of hepatitis B virus. This project will collect 20 patients with HCC caused by hepatitis B who are planned to be treated by TACE. Quantitative determination of viral load in blood will be performed before TACE, the first and the third month after TACE to investigate the influence of TACE on hepatitis B virus replication. This study will not influence the doctor's decision in the management of HCC and the procedure of TACE. The serum used for HBV DNA examination is concomitantly obtained during regular blood sampling for TACE preparation and follow-up of patient. The amount of blood needed for each time HBV DNA examination is less than 10 ml.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Location

Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital
Kaohsiung
Taiwan
807

Status

Completed

Source

Kaohsiung Medical University Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:19:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.

The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.

The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during development of the embryo and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life. They reappear in the adult serum during certain pathologic states, primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. They may also be elevated in the amniotic fluid and maternal serum during pregnancy in ANENCEPHALY.

A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.

The founding member of the EPH FAMILY RECEPTORS. It was first cloned from an erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and is highly conserved among many mammalian species. Overproduction of the EphA1 receptor is associated with tumors and tumor cells of epithelial origin. It is also expressed at high levels in LIVER; LUNG; and KIDNEY; which is in contrast to many other members of the Eph receptor that are found primarily in tissues of the nervous system.

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