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Multifactorial Pre-operative Intervention in Diabetes Mellitus

2014-10-30 23:00:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to advance the quality of care among inpatients with diabetes in the VHA. When patients with diabetes are admitted to the hospital, there is a greater chance that they will have a complication that lengthens their stay in the hospital. We are testing whether managing their diabetes before admission makes a difference in occurrence of in-hospital complications.

Description

Patients with diabetes that require hospitalization are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality, especially when undergoing surgery. There is some evidence that intensive glucose management during hospitalization may improve outcomes. However, no studies have evaluated intensive diabetes treatment before hospitalization.

Preliminary data from patients having vascular surgery show that those with diabetes have longer hospital stays, more frequent wound infections, and are more likely to require a return to the operating room when compared to patients without diabetes. In particular, insulin-treated patients have even greater peri-operative complications than non-insulin treated patients with diabetes. However, these data also suggest that a clinical trial to test the hypothesis that pre-operative intensive management has significant impact on peri-operative complications would require a very large number of participants to have adequate power.

Thus, our objective is to conduct a pilot and feasibility study to determine whether an intervention that involves intensive pre-operative diabetes management can be successfully implemented and to assess whether trends for benefit are observed. The results of this trial will support the conduct of a definitive study that tests the effectiveness of such an intervention in a larger sample of patients.

This is a randomized, parallel group clinical trial in insulin-treated patients with diabetes mellitus who have been scheduled for elective vascular surgery. We will randomize 46 participants diabetes mellitus: insulin-treated with HbA1c 7.5% or treated with oral agents with an elevated HbA1c who are scheduled for vascular surgery and in whom a 6 week pre-operative delay poses no substantial medical risks, as determined by the staff surgeon. We will exclude individuals with markedly elevated HbA1c or blood pressure; those with recently manifest cardiovascular disease, and those unable to attend regularly scheduled follow-up visits during the pre-operative period.

Participants will be randomized to either continue with usual care or participate in a multifactorial intervention conducted over a 6-week period. During the intervention period, participants will meet with a care manager and/or endocrinologist on at least 3 occasions and have telephone follow-up between these visits. They will receive instruction on lifestyle modifications; measure glucose and blood pressure at home (including the use of a continuous glucose monitoring device on 2 occasions), and receive care management to optimize glucose, blood pressure, and lipid lowering, as appropriate.

The primary outcome measure is the percent of screened participants that are eligible and choose participation Secondary end points will include: participant adherence with the study protocol, change from baseline in A1c and fructosamine, occurrence of wound infections in the 30-day peri-operative period, a composite of death from cardiovascular causes, non-fatal myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention, nonfatal stroke, or amputation as a result of peripheral ischemia; length of hospital stay; and rate of return to the operating room.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Multifactorial Intervention

Status

Completed

Source

Department of Veterans Affairs

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-10-30T23:00:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.

A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).

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