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The purpose of this study is to determine whether moxifloxacin in comparison to levofloxacin plus metronidazole are effective and safe in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia with aspiration factors.
186 patients in 4 centers will be enrolled in this study. Patients accord with the criteria of CAP with aspiration factors will be enrolled and randomized to one of the following groups. The treatment duration will range from 2 to 4 weeks.
Study Group: Intravenous treatment with moxifloxacin 400mg i.v. OD. Based on investigator's decision, a switch can be made to moxifloxacin 400 mg OD, orally (Moxifloxacin injection will be used no more than 3 weeks consecutively) .
Control Group: Intravenous treatment with levofloxacin 400mg i.v. OD plus metronidazole 0.5g i.v. bid. Based on investigator's decision, a switch can be made to levofloxacin 400mg OD plus metronidazole 0.2g tid, orally.
Treatment should be continued until complete resolution of the radiological, clinical and laboratory alterations or until no further regression can be observed. Clinical, bacteriological, laboratory and radiological examinations will be performed pre-treatment. Swallowing/coughing reflection test will be used for aspiration factor diagnosis. Risk factors (Decreased level of consciousness, dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux, neurologic disease, mechanical and device-related (e.g. nasogastric feeding tube) impairment of upper aerodigestive tract, vomiting, bronchial obstruction due to neoplasm or foreign body, bronchiectasis, pulmonary infarction, etc) will be evaluated before the treatment. Clinical and laboratory examinations such as blood routine(including Hb, differential blood count, etc), urine routine, biochemistry examination (including serum bilirubin, hepatic/renal function parameters, etc), coagulation examination will be repeated selectively. Radiological examination (e.g. chest x-ray) will be repeated at each visit for clinical monitoring after one week treatment. At the test-of-cure visit (7-14 days after the end of therapy) comprehensive clinical, bacteriological and laboratory examinations will be performed.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, metronidazole
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:27:41-0400
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Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
The L-isomer of Ofloxacin.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Pneumonia due to aspiration or inhalation of various oily or fatty substances.
Pneumonia caused by infection with bacteria of the family RICKETTSIACEAE.
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