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Comparative Study of Balloon Kyphoplasty and Conservative Treatment

2014-07-23 21:20:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will compare two treatments in acute stable traumatic vertebral fractures (types A1, A2 and A3.1 in MAGERL Classification). The two treatments are the followings:

1. Conservative Orthopedic Management consisting of brace and pain medication.

2. Percutaneous Balloon Kyphoplasty, a variant of Vertebroplasty, in which a balloon is first placed into the fractured vertebra and inflated with fluid in order to create a cavity. This may restore part of the vertebral height loss due to the fracture and facilitate the injection of the cement with low pressure.

The primary outcome will be the variation in the angle of Regional Vertebral Kyphosis (or, in the case of asymmetrical fractures, the angle of lateral vertebral inclination) between inclusion and one year follow-up. It will indicate if Balloon Kyphoplasty is able to restore vertebral height of the fractured vertebra better than Conservative Orthopedic Management.

Description

There is no reported frequency of stable thoracic or lumbar fractures traumatic fractures. However, the number of cases has been evaluated to be 61,425 yearly in Europe. Types A1 and A3.1 represent 61% of this number i.e. 37,468 per year in Europe and 4,600 in France.Conventional Conservative treatment of these fractures consists of brace and pain medication. However, a growing number of surgical teams use vertebroplasty or Balloon Kyphoplasty to avoid secondary fracture displacement after brace removal which results in increased kyphosis. However no study has compared the benefit of these new techniques to conservative managementThe goal of this study is to indicate if balloon kyphoplasty is able to restore vertebral height of the fractured vertebra better than Conservative Treatment.

1. The conventional orthopedic treatment is based on The Böhler Brace which extends from the manubrium to the pubic symphysis allowing spinal immobilisation in position of lumbar lordosis. Patients wear it for 3 to 6 months. It is a non-invasive treatment. However, kyphotic spine angle may increase over time despite the brace due to spine loading .

2 . Balloon Kyphoplasty is a variant of vertebroplasty which is performed under general anaesthesia using the KyphX® System (Medtronic., Sunnyvale, California). Balloon kyphoplasty aims at restore vertebral height of the fractured vertebra using an inflatable balloon prior to inject surgical cement (PMMA) into the vertebral body to fix the fracture. It is an expensive technique costing around 4,000 euros for up to 2 vertebrae in the same patient. The surgical technique for the procedure has been described by LIEBERMAN ET AL: A bilateral approach is chosen to insert working cannulas into the posterior part of the vertebral body through a posterior transpedicular approach. Fluoroscopy is used to insert the tools and control the procedure. With reaming tools, two working channels are created and the balloons are inserted. The balloons are available in lengths of 10, 15 and 20 mm.The two balloons(one on each side) should ideally be centered at middle height between the superior and inferior endplates and in the anterior two-thirds of the vertebral body. Balloon placement into the vertebral body is checked using radiopaque markers at the two extremities of the balloon. Once inserted, the balloons are inflated using visual, volume and pressure control to create a cavity. Inflation is stopped when one of the following inflation endpoints is reached: pressure raised over 400 psi, balloon contacts one of the cortical bone of the vertebra or reaching maximal balloon inflation volume. The balloons are then deflated and removed. The mean balloon inflation volume is 2 to 3ml. The Bone Filler Device, filled before with 1.5 ml of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), is then advanced through the working cannula towards the anterior part of the cavity and cement is slowly extruded by a stainless steel stylet, acting as a plunger. When the amount of cement from the first Bone Filler Device is delivered in the cavity, it is removed and another Bone Filler Device is advanced through the working cannula. This step is repeated till a complete fill of the cavity is obtained. The same procedure is repeated through the other working cannula at the contra-lateral pedicle. Filling of the cavity with highly viscous PMMA is performed under continuous fluoroscopic control.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Traumatic Spinal Fractures

Intervention

orthopedic corset, balloon kyphoplasty

Location

Hopital LARIBOISIERE Service de Radiologie Ostéo-Articulaire
Paris
France
75010

Status

Recruiting

Source

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:20:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)

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