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Pap Smear Research Study

2014-08-27 03:28:02 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The principal hypothesis of this study is that HPV testing and/or p16 testing, either alone or in combination or associated with a Pap smear, will demonstrate greater specificity for clinically significant precancerous disease than will a Pap smear alone and that these tests will be of comparable or superior sensitivity than the Pap smear.

Study Design

Control: Uncontrolled, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Cervical Cancer

Intervention

Diagnostic cervical cancer screening tests (Pap smear, HPV and/or p16)

Location

University Health Network - Toronto Western Hospital
Toronto
Ontario
Canada
M5T 2S8

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Health Network, Toronto

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:28:02-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Morphological abnormalities of the cervical EPITHELIUM, usually revealed in PAP SMEAR, which do not meet the criteria for squamous CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA or SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMAS of the CERVIX . It may be a sign of infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV).or sign of a benign (not cancer) growth, such as a cyst or polyp or, in menopausal women, of low hormone levels. More testing, such as HPV test, may be needed.

A network of nerve fibers originating in the upper four cervical spinal cord segments. The cervical plexus distributes cutaneous nerves to parts of the neck, shoulders, and back of the head, and motor fibers to muscles of the cervical spinal column, infrahyoid muscles, and the diaphragm.

The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.

A parameter usually used in PRENATAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY to measure the length of the uterine neck (CERVIX UTERI). Cervical length or its shortening is used to identify and prevent early cervical opening and PRETERM BIRTH.

A cytological test finding often from PAP SMEARS that shows abnormal lesions of SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS of the CERVIX. It is a diagnostic criterion used in the Bethesda System for UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS and represents the PAP TEST result that is abnormal. Although squamous intraepithelial lesions test result does not mean UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS it requires follow-ups (e.g., HPV DNA TESTS; and COLPOSCOPY).

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