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Hypothesis: Is the combination of oral L-ornithine-L-aspartate and lactulose more efficacious than oral lactulose alone in treatment of hepatic encephalopathy? Study design; Randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled trial
1. Baseline characteristics
- demographic data; age, gender, BW, height
- comorbidity such as DM, CVA
2. After randomization
- assessment of mental status (West-Haven criteria), Portal-systemic encephalopathy index (PSEI), number connection test, serum ammonia, asterixis at Day 1,3,7 and EEG at day 1,7
- blood chemistry such as CBC, BUN, Creatinine, electrolyte, LFT, coagulogram, BS at Day 1,3,7
- record adverse effect of drug such as nausea, vomiting, bloating.
- record diet, frequency of bowel movement and stool pH
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
L-ornithine-L-aspartate and lactulose, placebo and lactulose
Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:28:12-0400
After resolution of the initial episode of hepatic encephalopathy (HE), lactulose is routinely continued indefinitely as maintenance therapy. Although widely used for this indication, la...
The study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of L-ornithine-L-aspartate in the management of hepatic encephalopathy.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the experimental drug AST-120 compared to lactulose in patients with mild hepatic encephalopathy.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether L-Ornithine L-Aspartate is effective for the improvement of Overt Hepatic Encephalopathy.
Hepatic encephalopathy is caused by the effects on the brain of substances that under normal circumstances are efficiently metabolized in the liver. The hyperammonemia is the main factor r...
Rifaximin-α 550 mg twice daily plus lactulose has demonstrated efficacy in reducing recurrence of episodes of overt HE (OHE) and the risk of HE-related hospitalisations compared with lactulose alon...
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE), or portosystemic encephalopathy, represents a reversible decrease in neurologic function caused by liver disease, and treatment has traditionally been with non-absorbable ...
Lactulose is a common food ingredient and widely used as a treatment for constipation or hepatic encephalopathy and a substrate for hydrogen breath tests. Lactulose is fermented by the colon microbiot...
Gut microbiota play an essential role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Treatment strategies are directed to modulate intestinal microbiota profiles and their function by the adminis...
Overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a frequent complication of cirrhosis and one of the most debilitating manifestations that necessitates hospitalization. Although many treatment modalities are bein...
A synthetic disaccharide used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It has also been used in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p887)
A urea cycle enzyme that catalyzes the formation of orthophosphate and L-citrulline (CITRULLINE) from CARBAMOYL PHOSPHATE and L-ornithine (ORNITHINE). Deficiency of this enzyme may be transmitted as an X-linked trait. EC 126.96.36.199.
A ureahydrolase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of arginine or canavanine to yield L-ornithine (ORNITHINE) and urea. Deficiency of this enzyme causes HYPERARGININEMIA. EC 188.8.131.52.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of carbamoyl phosphate and L-aspartate to yield orthophosphate and N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 184.108.40.206.
Substances and drugs that inhibit or block the activity of ORNITHINE DECARBOXYLASE.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...