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The purpose of the study is to determine if a more intensive application of communication intervention, i.e. 5 hours per week, will result in more frequent intentional communication acts, greater lexical density, and a better verbal comprehension level than children who receive the same communication intervention only one time per week.
Our research team has pioneered the development of a prelinguistic communication intervention referred to as Parent Responsivity Education-Milieu Communication Teaching (PRE-MCT). This intervention is designed to establish and enhance the development of intentional communication prior to the onset of spoken language in children with language delays and disorders. In the early stages of intervention, clinicians target children's use of gestures, vocalizations, and eye contact to produce more frequent and more complex nonverbal communication acts. As the children develop, goals shift to the direct teaching of words and sentence structures.
Our preliminary research using randomized experimental designs has tested the effects of the intervention when delivered in a very small 'dose', averaging just over one hour per week for six months. This standard dose has led to significant but modest effects in the children's use of intentional communication and early language, such that it could be adopted by speech-language pathologists as part of standard care. Unfortunately, the early benefits have not always been maintained 6 and 12 months after the therapy phase ends and have not always benefitted all children.
This research is a test of the hypothesis that a more intensive application of the intervention will have dramatically more positive outcomes than the standard dosage.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Milieu Communication Teaching
University of Kansas Medical Center
University of Kansas
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:21:35-0400
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Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
System through which research and other scholarly writings are created, evaluated for quality, disseminated to the scholarly community, and preserved for future use. It includes both formal means of communication, such as publication in peer-reviewed journals, and informal channels, such as electronic listservs. (from Association of College & Research Libraries, “Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly Communication 1,” 2003)
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms as well as diseases and disorders of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. It was established in 1988.
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