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The hypothesis of this study is that many plasma proteins are altered in concentration and structure in preeclampsia and the elucidation of these alterations will add to the poorly understood pathophysiology of preeclampsia. In this study we will compare the maternal plasma proteomes of early-onset severe preeclampsia versus healthy controls, compare protein expression and quantification of the maternal plasma proteome at the time of diagnosis of EOS-preeclampsia to the plasma proteome of the same affected subject at 48 hours post delivery and we will verify the placental expression of differentially expressed or post-translationally modified proteins found in the plasma of women with EOS-preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia affects 7-10% of all pregnancies and is directly responsible for 50,000 maternal deaths and 900,000 perinatal deaths each year. Preeclampsia remains unpredictable and incurable except through premature delivery of the fetus. It is essential that a better understanding of preeclampsia is obtained.
Proteomics offers a methodology for identification and quantification of each protein fraction found in human plasma in both disease and health. Since proteins are the basic elements of human biology, it is anticipated that alterations in protein posttranslational modification or total protein expression would be indicative and diagnostic of a disease state. Because proteins are recognized to act as messengers through hormone action, act as enzymes to catalyze important organic reactions and serve as structural components of the human body, they are the most representative of the current state of metabolic and structural activity in both the naive and disease state.
Two groups of patients will be enrolled: (1) Patients with EOS-preeclampsia (N=30) and (2) healthy patients with normal pregnancies (N=120). The patients with EOS-preeclampsia will be matched (1:4) with contemporaneous control patients who are carrying a singleton gestation at a similar gestational age. To measure changes in proteins, we will compare proteins in the blood plasma of women with EOS-preeclampsia before and after pregnancy. We will also compare the blood plasmas of healthy versus EOS-preeclamptic women for differences in plasma proteins. Finally, we will examine the placental RNA of patients with EOS-preeclampsia and healthy patients delivered at 35-37 weeks gestation.
Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective
Medical University of South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:28:56-0400
This is a research study designed to help identify preeclampsia in pregnant women earlier, and possibly lead to better treatment for women preeclampsia.
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