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Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance

2014-07-23 21:21:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to determine whether one of three levels of counseling intensity will be associated with better treatment outcomes when combined with methadone maintenance treatment for heroin-addicted adults drawn from a methadone treatment program waiting list.

Description

Waiting lists for methadone treatment programs persist, and new and more effective approaches for expanding treatment access and improving outcomes for heroin dependent individuals are needed. Recently completed research demonstrated that so-called "Interim Methadone Maintenance" (i.e., methadone with crisis counseling only, for individuals on waiting lists) was associated with greater entry into methadone treatment, less self-reported heroin and cocaine use, lower rates of opioid-positive drug tests, and lower rates of self-reported crime. The present study will build on this work by comparing three levels of counseling provided with methadone treatment: 1)"Interim" Methadone Treatment; 2) "Comprehensive" Methadone Treatment (which is the name for the usual amount of counseling provided, i.e., about once per week) and; 3)"Restored" Methadone Treatment in which the counselors will have a lower case load and will be able to provide more attention to their patients.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Opioid Dependency

Intervention

Interim, Comprehensive, Restored

Location

Friends Research Institute
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21201

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Friends Research Institute, Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:21:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Kappa opioid receptors bind dynorphins with a higher affinity than endorphins which are themselves preferred to enkephalins.

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.

A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Delta opioid receptors bind endorphins and enkephalins with approximately equal affinity and have less affinity for dynorphins.

One of the three major groups of endogenous opioid peptides. They are large peptides derived from the PRO-OPIOMELANOCORTIN precursor. The known members of this group are alpha-, beta-, and gamma-endorphin. The term endorphin is also sometimes used to refer to all opioid peptides, but the narrower sense is used here; OPIOID PEPTIDES is used for the broader group.

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