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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Effect of Treatment With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (Auto-CPAP) on Metabolic Syndrome

2014-07-24 14:17:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in persons with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is known to be very high, about 70%. However, it is unclear whether this association is causal or not. Results of earlier studies have been conflicting. The investigators hypothesize that treatment with auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure (auto-CPAP) for a duration of 3 months improves the metabolic syndrome in subjects with OSAS.

Description

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition in which there is collapse of the upper airway during sleep, as a result of which there is a decrease or complete cessation of airflow. This leads to repeated episodes of hypoxia during sleep and sleep fragmentation. OSA is a highly prevalent though under-recognized clinical problem. The Wisconsin study estimated a prevalence of 24% in males and 9% in females. A population-based study in Delhi, India found the prevalence of OSA to be 13.7% and that of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) to be 3.8%.

OSA is associated with various systemic complications such as neurocognitive dysfunction, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. There is an increased risk of motor vehicle and occupational accidents in people suffering from OSAS.

Metabolic syndrome is the co-occurrence of several cardiovascular risk factors such as abdominal obesity, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance and dyslipidemia. Presence of OSA together with metabolic syndrome is known as 'Syndrome Z'. Although many studies have shown that OSA is associated with metabolic syndrome, the exact causal relationship between these two entities is not proven.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment for OSA with significant symptoms. However, it is a costly treatment option, and poor compliance is an important limiting factor. CPAP treatment has been shown to improve the daytime somnolence and neurocognitive function in people with OSAS. However, its effect on metabolic syndrome in people with OSAS is unclear.

This study aims to assess the effect of CPAP treatment on metabolic syndrome in patients with OSAS.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Intervention

AutoSet Spirit, Modified-AutoSet Spirit

Location

All India Institute of Medical Sciences
New Delhi
India
110608

Status

Completed

Source

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:17:25-0400

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A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

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