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This study will evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored suicide prevention treatment program called SAFETY in reducing suicide and suicide attempts in adolescents.
Suicide is consistently a leading cause of death among adolescents in the United States, making suicide prevention a serious public health concern. The risk factors for suicide vary but are often related to depression and other mental disorders, substance abuse, a major stressful event, and family history of suicide. Despite the morbidity and mortality associated with suicide attempts in adolescents, there is a lack of empirically supported treatment strategies and consensus regarding the best practices for suicide prevention. The SAFETY intervention is an individually tailored treatment strategy that integrates family- and community-based interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy and links youth to needed services and resources. SAFETY may be an effective means of reducing suicide attempts and improving mental health in at-risk adolescents. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of SAFETY in reducing suicide and suicide attempts in adolescents.
This study will be divided into two phases. Participants in Phase I will all receive 12 weeks of the family-based cognitive behavioral therapy intervention SAFETY. Phase I will be used to develop the intervention manual, protocols, and adherence measures for SAFETY in Phase II. Phase I participants will undergo assessments at baseline and Week 12. Assessments will last 90 minutes and will include a series of interviews and questionnaires concerning family, general health, and mental health-related issues.
Participants in Phase II will be assigned randomly to receive 12 weeks of SAFETY or enhanced usual care. The frequency of sessions, which will involve both youth and parent participants, will vary on the basis of the individual needs of participants. SAFETY sessions will be individually tailored for each participant's specific needs and will include the following elements: (1) family- and community-based interventions aimed at mobilizing family and community networks that support youth safety, adaptive behavior, and reasons for living; (2) cognitive behavioral treatment modules that focus on decreasing suicidality and preventing repeat suicide attempts; and (3) an individualized care linkage strategy that links youth to needed services and resources. At baseline, Week 12, and Month 6, all youth and parent participants will undergo the same assessments that were performed during Phase I.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
SAFETY, Enhanced usual care
University of California
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:30:06-0400
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