Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment of Opioid Dependence in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial

2014-07-24 14:17:35 | BioPortfolio


The study will assess the effectiveness of at-home vs. in-office induction for patients entering buprenorphine maintenance at Associates in Internal Medicine (AIM) primary care clinic.


Buprenorphine maintenance is an effective treatment for opioid dependence, yet diffusion has been limited. Physician concern about induction is a reported barrier, primarily as buprenorphine may precipitate withdrawal due to its partial opioid agonist activity and high receptor binding affinity. To minimize risk, guidelines recommend in-office assessment and monitoring during induction. As this may not be feasible (e.g., time limitations), many patients are instructed to self-induct at home. While this may facilitate treatment entry, data on at-home induction are limited. The study will assess the effectiveness of at-home vs. in-office induction for patients entering buprenorphine maintenance at Associates in Internal Medicine (AIM) primary care clinic. Currently, patients receive buprenorphine maintenance at AIM as part of standard clinical practice and through an observational study (IRB 5258). Most patients are insured through Medicaid, which covers visit, medication (obtained through prescription from a local pharmacy), lab, and outside psychosocial treatment cost. In this demonstration project, 20 opioid dependent patients will be randomly assigned to at-home or in-office induction, and then monitored for 12 weeks. Ancillary psychosocial treatment will be encouraged but not required. After randomization, AIM clinic and NYSPI research visits will be scheduled weekly for 4 weeks, and then at weeks 8 and 12. The primary outcome will include a comparison of the proportion of patients successfully inducted one week after the initial primary care visit. Secondary outcomes will include: 1) Time to stabilization after buprenorphine initiation assessed by: a) Time until the patient is without withdrawal for two consecutive days, and b) Time until the patient is opioid free for two consecutive weeks; and 3) Retention-in-treatment at 4 and 12 weeks. Other secondary outcomes include patient satisfaction and change in addiction severity. These data will provide important information in buprenorphine initiation in primary care and enable determination of treatment effects size prior to future clinical trials.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective


Opioid-Related Disorders




Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York
New York
United States




Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:17:35-0400

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