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Observing Young Patients With Ependymoma Undergoing Standard Combination Chemotherapy

2014-07-24 14:17:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Gathering information about how young patients with ependymoma respond to standard combination chemotherapy and learning about the long-term effects of this treatment may help doctors plan better treatment.

PURPOSE: This phase III trial is observing young patients with ependymoma undergoing standard combination chemotherapy.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- To determine the overall survival and event-free survival of all infants diagnosed with ependymoma before their third birthday.

- To determine the overall survival and event-free survival of infants diagnosed with ependymoma before their third birthday when treated with standard chemotherapy comprising vincristine, carboplatin, high-dose methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, and cisplatin.

Secondary

- To investigate the reasons why the primary tumor was completely resected in patients who were able to undergo complete resection of the tumor.

- To continue to investigate the biological characteristics of ependymoma.

- To correlate functional imaging studies of ependymoma with biological characteristics of the tumor.

- To provide a standard treatment regimen for patients with residual disease after optimal surgery who have already participated in a phase II study.

- To prospectively document renal function, hearing, and neurocognitive late effects after completion of study treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to extent of prior surgical resection and presence of metastatic disease (complete resection of tumor vs metastatic disease at diagnosis vs no complete resection of tumor).

Patients receive vincristine IV on days 1, 15, and 29, carboplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, high-dose methotrexate* IV over 24 hours on day 15, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 29, and cisplatin IV over 48 hours on days 43 and 44. Treatment repeats every 8 weeks for 7 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with residual disease after completion of treatment may receive other treatment at the discretion of the investigator.

NOTE: *Patients initially treated on clinical trial CCLG-CNS-2005-03 who have no residual disease do not receive high-dose methotrexate in courses 5-7.

Patients undergo observational assessments comprising physical and neurological examination; MRI/ MRS scanning of the head and spine; and audiology, renal, endocrine, neurocognitive, and quality of life evaluations periodically for at least 5 years after the completion of study treatment.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors

Intervention

carboplatin, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, vincristine sulfate, adjuvant therapy, cognitive assessment, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging, quality-of-life assessment

Location

Birmingham Children's Hospital
Birmingham
England
United Kingdom
B4 6NH

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:17:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 2.7.7.4.

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